grouping returns a permutation which rearranges its first
argument such that identical values are adjacent to each other. Also
returned as attributes are the group-wise partitioning and the maximum
a sequence of numeric, character or logical vectors, all of the same length, or a classed R object.
The function partially sorts the elements so that identical values are
NA values come last. This is guaranteed to be
stable, so ties are preserved, and if the data are already
grouped/sorted, the grouping is unchanged. This is useful for
aggregation and is particularly fast for character vectors.
Under the covers, the
"radix" method of
used, and the same caveats apply, including restrictions on character
encodings and lack of support for long vectors (those with
2^31 or more elements). Real-valued numbers are slightly
rounded to account for numerical imprecision.
order, for a classed R object the grouping is based on
the result of
An object of class
"grouping", the representation of which
should be considered experimental and subject to change. It is an
integer vector with two attributes:
subscripts in the result corresponding to the last member of each group
the maximum group size
1 2 3
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