Raw Connections

Description

Input and output raw connections.

Usage

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Arguments

object

character or raw vector. A description of the connection. For an input this is an R raw vector object, and for an output connection the name for the connection.

open

character. Any of the standard connection open modes.

con

An output raw connection.

Details

An input raw connection is opened and the raw vector is copied at the time the connection object is created, and close destroys the copy.

An output raw connection is opened and creates an R raw vector internally. The raw vector can be retrieved via rawConnectionValue.

If a connection is open for both input and output the initial raw vector supplied is copied when the connections is open

Value

For rawConnection, a connection object of class "rawConnection" which inherits from class "connection".

For rawConnectionValue, a raw vector.

Note

As output raw connections keep the internal raw vector up to date call-by-call, they are relatively expensive to use (although over-allocation is used), and it may be better to use an anonymous file() connection to collect output.

On (rare) platforms where vsnprintf does not return the needed length of output there is a 100,000 character limit on the length of line for output connections: longer lines will be truncated with a warning.

See Also

connections, showConnections.

Examples

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zz <- rawConnection(raw(0), "r+") # start with empty raw vector
writeBin(LETTERS, zz)
seek(zz, 0)
readLines(zz) # raw vector has embedded nuls
seek(zz, 0)
writeBin(letters[1:3], zz)
rawConnectionValue(zz)
close(zz)

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