This is an interface to the system command
which, or to an
emulation on Windows.
Character vector of names or paths of possible executables.
The system command
which reports on the full path names of
an executable (including an executable script) as would be executed by
a shell, accepting either absolute paths or looking on the path.
On Windows an ‘executable’ is a file with extension
‘.exe’, ‘.com’, ‘.cmd’ or ‘.bat’. Such files need
not actually be executable, but they are what
On a Unix-alike the full path to
‘/usr/bin/which’) is found when R is installed.
A character vector of the same length as
names, named by
names. The elements are either the full path to the
executable or some indication that no executable of that name was
found. Typically the indication is
"", but this does depend on
the OS (and the known exceptions are changed to
names have missing return values (as from R 3.0.0).
On Windows the paths will be short paths (8+3 components, no spaces)
\ as the path delimiter.
Except on Windows this calls the system command
that is not part of e.g. the POSIX standards, exactly what it does is
OS-dependent. It will usually do tilde-expansion and it may make use
In R 2.x.y, arguments containing spaces or other metacharacters needed to be escaped as they would be for a shell: for example Windows paths containing spaces needed to be enclosed in double quotes.
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