Creates or tests for objects of mode
expression(...) is.expression(x) as.expression(x, ...)
an arbitrary R object.
‘Expression’ here is not being used in its colloquial sense,
that of mathematical expressions. Those are calls (see
call) in R, and an R expression vector is a list of
calls, symbols etc, for example as returned by
As an object of mode
"expression" is a list, it can be
$, the latter two extracting
individual calls etc. The replacement forms of these operators can be
used to replace or delete elements.
is.expression are primitive functions.
expression is ‘special’: it does not evaluate its arguments.
expression returns a vector of type
containing its arguments (unevaluated).
expr is an
expression object and
as.expression attempts to coerce its argument into an
expression object. It is generic, and only the default method is
described here. (The default method calls
as.vector(type = "expression") and so may dispatch methods for
NULL, calls, symbols (see
as.symbol) and pairlists are returned as the element of
a length-one expression vector. Atomic vectors are placed
element-by-element into an expression vector (without using any
names): lists are changed type to an expression vector (keeping all
attributes). Other types are not currently supported.
Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
for plotting mathematical expressions.
length(ex1 <- expression(1 + 0:9)) # 1 ex1 eval(ex1) # 1:10 length(ex3 <- expression(u, 2, u + 0:9)) # 3 mode(ex3 ) # expression mode(ex3[]) # call ## but not all components are 'call's : sapply(ex3, mode ) # name numeric call sapply(ex3, typeof) # symbol double language rm(ex3)
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