# asplit: Split Array/Matrix By Its Margins

 asplit R Documentation

## Split Array/Matrix By Its Margins

### Description

Split an array or matrix by its margins.

### Usage

```asplit(x, MARGIN)
```

### Arguments

 `x` an array, including a matrix. `MARGIN` a vector giving the margins to split by. E.g., for a matrix `1` indicates rows, `2` indicates columns, `c(1, 2)` indicates rows and columns. Where `x` has named dimnames, it can be a character vector selecting dimension names.

### Details

The values of the splits can also be obtained (less efficiently) by `split(x, slice.index(x, MARGIN))`.

`apply` always simplifies common length results, so attempting to split via `apply(x, MARGIN, identity)` does not work (as it simply gives `x`). By chaining `asplit` with `lapply` or `vapply`, one can obtain variants of `apply` which do not auto-simplify.

### Value

A “list array” with dimension dv and each element an array of dimension de and dimnames preserved as available, where dv and de are, respectively, the dimensions of `x` included and not included in `MARGIN`.

### Examples

```## A 3-dimensional array of dimension 2 x 3 x 4:
d <- 2 : 4
x <- array(seq_len(prod(d)), d)
x
## Splitting by margin 2 gives a 1-d list array of length 3
## consisting of 2 x 4 arrays:
asplit(x, 2)
## Spltting by margins 1 and 2 gives a 2 x 3 list array
## consisting of 1-d arrays of length 4:a
asplit(x, c(1, 2))
## Compare to
split(x, slice.index(x, c(1, 2)))

## A 2 x 3 matrix:
(x <- matrix(1 : 6, 2, 3))
## To split x by its rows, one can use
asplit(x, 1)
## or less efficiently
split(x, slice.index(x, 1))
split(x, row(x))
```