Working with templates"

An Azure template is a JSON file that can be used to automate the deployment of a set of related resources. The template uses declarative syntax, which lets you state what you intend to deploy without having to write the sequence of programming commands to create it. In the template, you specify the resources to deploy and the properties for those resources.

Deploying a template with AzureRMR is just a matter of calling a resource group object's deploy_template method. This takes two arguments, template and parameters. deploy_template is very flexible in how you can specify its arguments:

vm_tpl <- rg$deploy_template("myNewVirtualMachine",
    template="vm_template.json",
    parameters=list(
        os="Linux",
        size="Standard_DS2_v2",
        username="ruser",
        publickey=readLines("~/id_rsa.pub")
    ))

Normally, deleting a template doesn't touch the resources it creates: it only deletes the template itself. However, AzureRMR optionally allows you to free any resources created when you delete a template. This is useful when managing complex objects like VMs, which actually consist of multiple individual resources in Azure (storage account, disk, network interface, etc). When you are done with the VM, deleting the template lets you free all these resources with a single command.

vm_tpl$delete(free_resources=TRUE)

Template helper functions

AzureRMR also provides the build_template_definition and build_template_parameters functions to help you construct or modify a template. Both of these are generics and can be extended by other packages to handle specific deployment scenarios, eg virtual machines.

build_template_definition is used to generate the template JSON. The default method has 4 arguments parameters, variables, resources and outputs, which are the components of a template; these should be either strings containing the unparsed JSON text, or lists to be converted into JSON. build_template_parameters is for creating the list of parameters to be passed along with the template. Its arguments should all be named, and contain either the JSON text or an R list giving the parsed JSON.

# a storage account template
storage_tpl <- build_template_definition(
    parameters=c(
        name="string",
        location="string",
        sku="string"
    ),
    variables=list(
        id="[resourceId('Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts', parameters('name'))]"
    ),
    resources=list(
        list(
            name="[parameters('name')]",
            location="[parameters('location')]",
            type="Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
            apiVersion="2018-07-01",
            sku=list(
                name="[parameters('sku')]"
            ),
            kind="Storage"
        )
    ),
    outputs=list(
        storageId="[variables('id')]"
    )
)

# the corresponding parameters
storage_pars <- build_template_parameters(
    name="mystorageacct",
    location="westus",
    sku="Standard_LRS"
)

Once created, the template defintion and parameters can be passed directly to deploy_template:

# deploying
rg$deploy_template("mystorageacct", template=storage_tpl, parameters=storage_pars)


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AzureRMR documentation built on Oct. 23, 2021, 9:06 a.m.