transitionPlot: A transition plot

Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

View source: R/transitionPlot.R

Description

This plot's purpose is to illustrate how states change before and after. In my research I use it before surgery and after surgery but it can be used in any situation where you have a change from one state to another

Usage

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transitionPlot(transition_flow, type_of_arrow = c("grid", "simple",
  "gradient"), box_txt = rownames(transition_flow), tot_spacing = 0.2,
  box_width = 1/4, fill_start_box = "darkgreen", txt_start_clr = "white",
  fill_end_box = fill_start_box, txt_end_clr = txt_start_clr, cex = 2,
  min_lwd = if (type_of_arrow == "grid") 1 else unit(0.1, "mm"),
  max_lwd = if (type_of_arrow == "grid") 6 else unit(5, "mm"),
  lwd_prop_total = TRUE, arrow_clr = "#000000", abs_arrow_width = FALSE,
  overlap_bg_clr = "#FFFFFF", overlap_order = 1:nrow(transition_flow),
  overlap_add_width = if (type_of_arrow == "grid") 1.5 else unit(1, "mm"),
  box_prop, mar = unit(rep(3, times = 4), "mm"), main = NULL,
  box_label = NULL, box_label_pos = "top", box_label_cex = cex,
  color_bar = TRUE, color_bar_cex = cex * 0.33, color_bar_labels,
  color_bar_subspace = NULL, new_page = FALSE)

Arguments

transition_flow

This should be a matrix with the size of the transitions. The unit for each cell should be number of observations, row/column-proportions will show incorrect sizes. The matrix needs to be square. The best way to generate this matrix is probably just do a table(starting_state, end_state). The rows represent the starting positions, while the columns the end positions. I.e. the first rows third column is the number of observations that go from the first class to the third class.

type_of_arrow

The types of arrow may be grid, simple, or gradient. Simple grid arrows are the bezierGrob arrows (not that pretty), simple is the bezierArrowSmpl that I've created to get a more exact control of the arrow position and width, while gradient corresponds to bezierArrowGradient allowing the arrow to have a fill color that slowly turns into the color of the arrow.

box_txt

The text to appear inside of the boxes. If you need line breaks then you need to manually add a \n inside the string.

tot_spacing

The proportion of the vertical space that is to be left empty. It is then split evenly between the boxes.

box_width

The width of the box. By default the box is one fourth of the plot width.

fill_start_box

The fill color of the start boxes. This can either be a single value or a vector if you desire different colors for each box. If you specify box_prop then this has to be a 2 column matrix.

txt_start_clr

The text color of the start boxes. This can either be a single value or a vector if you desire different colors for each box. If you specify box_prop then this has to be a 2 column matrix.

fill_end_box

The fill color of the end boxes. This can either be a single value or a vector if you desire different colors for each box. If you specify box_prop then this has to be a 2 column matrix.

txt_end_clr

The text color of the end boxes. This can either be a single value or a vector if you desire different colors for each box. If you specify box_prop then this has to be a 2 column matrix.

cex

The cex gpar of the text

min_lwd

The minimum width of the line that we want to illustrate the tranisition with.

max_lwd

The maximum width of the line that we want to illustrate the tranisition with.

lwd_prop_total

The width of the lines may be proportional to either the other flows from that box, or they may be related to all flows. This is a boolean parameter that is set to true by default, i.e. relating to all flows.

arrow_clr

The color of the arrows. Usually black, can be a vector indicating each arrow from first to last arrow (counting from the top). If the vector is of the same length as the boxes then all box arrows will have the same color (that is all the arrows stemming from the left boxes)

abs_arrow_width

The width can either be absolute, i.e. each arrow headed for a box has the exact same width. The alternative is that the width is related to the line width.

overlap_bg_clr

In order to enhance the 3D perspective and to make it easier to follow arrows the arrows have a background color to separate them from those underneath.

overlap_order

The order from first->last for the lines. This means that the last line will be on top while the first one will appear at the bottom. This should be provided as a vector.

overlap_add_width

The width of the white cross-over line. You can specify this as a scalar multiplication of the current line width. In case of non-grid arrows then you can also have this as a unit which is recommended as it looks better. If the scalar is < 1 then the overlap is ignored.

box_prop

If you want the boxes to have proportions indicating some other factors then input a matrix with quantiles for the proportions. Note the size must be nrow(transition_flow) x 2.

mar

A numerical vector of the form c(bottom, left, top, right) of the type unit()

main

The title of the plot if any, default NULL

box_label

A vector of length 2 if you want to label each box column

box_label_pos

The position of the label, either 'top' or 'bottom'

box_label_cex

The cex of the label, defaults to the default cex

color_bar

If you have proportions inside the transition_flow variable then the color_bar will automatically appear at the bottom unless you set this to FALSE

color_bar_cex

The size of the tick labels for the color bar

color_bar_labels

The labels of the two proportions that make up the color bar. Defaults to the labels of the third dimension for the transition_flow argument.

color_bar_subspace

If there is little or no difference at the low/high proportions of the spectrum then it can be of interest to focus the color change to the center leaving the tails constant

new_page

If you want the plot to appear on a new blank page then set this to TRUE, by default it is FALSE.

Value

void

Examples

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# This example does not run since it
# takes a little while to assemble the
# arrows and RMD Check complains that this
# is more than allowed for
library(grid)
par_org <- par(ask=TRUE)
# Settings
no_boxes <- 3
# Generate test setting
transition_matrix <- matrix(NA, nrow=no_boxes, ncol=no_boxes)
transition_matrix[1,] <- 200*c(.5, .25, .25)
transition_matrix[2,] <- 540*c(.75, .10, .15)
transition_matrix[3,] <- 340*c(0, .2, .80)

grid.newpage()
transitionPlot(transition_matrix,
               box_txt = c("First", "Second", "Third"),
               type_of_arrow = "simple",
               min_lwd = unit(1, "mm"),
               max_lwd = unit(6, "mm"),
               overlap_add_width = unit(1, "mm"))


# Setup proportions
box_prop <- cbind(c(1,0,0.5), c(.52,.2,.8))
# From the Set2 Colorbrewer
start_box_clr <- c("#8DA0CB", "#FC8D62")
# Darken the colors slightly
end_box_clr <- c(colorRampPalette(c(start_box_clr[1], "#000000"))(10)[2],
                 colorRampPalette(c(start_box_clr[2], "#000000"))(10)[2])
# Create a new grid
grid.newpage()
transitionPlot(transition_matrix, box_prop=box_prop,
               fill_start_box=start_box_clr, fill_end_box=end_box_clr,
               txt_start_clr = c("#FFFFFF", "#000000"), txt_end_clr = c("#FFFFFF", "#000000"),
               box_txt = c("First", "Second", "Third"),
               type_of_arrow = "gradient",
               min_lwd = unit(1, "mm"),
               max_lwd = unit(10, "mm"),
               overlap_add_width = unit(1, "mm"))
par(par_org)

Example output

Loading required package: Rcpp
Loading required package: htmlTable
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '1' to no. '2' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '1' to no. '3' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '1' to no. '2' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '1' to no. '3' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '2' to no. '2' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.
The minimum width reached and the arrow at box no. '2' to no. '2' will not be shown. This is due to the fact that the lwd will generate a falsely strong arrow.

Gmisc documentation built on June 21, 2018, 9:03 a.m.