dotchartpl: Enhanced Version of dotchart Function for plotly

View source: R/dotchartpl.s

dotchartplR Documentation

Enhanced Version of dotchart Function for plotly


This function produces a plotly interactive graphic and accepts a different format of data input than the other dotchartx functions. It was written to handle a hierarchical data structure including strata that further subdivide the main classes. Strata, indicated by the mult variable, are shown on the same horizontal line, and if the variable big is FALSE will appear slightly below the main line, using smaller symbols, and having some transparency. This is intended to handle output such as that from the summaryP function when there is a superpositioning variable group and a stratification variable mult, especially when the data have been run through the addMarginal function to create mult categories labelled "All" for which the user will specify big=TRUE to indicate non-stratified estimates (stratified only on group) to emphasize.

When viewing graphics that used mult and big, the user can click on the legends for the small points for groups to vanish the finely stratified estimates.

When group is used by mult and big are not, and when the group variable has exactly two distinct values, you can specify refgroup to get the difference between two proportions in addition to the individual proportions. The individual proportions are plotted, but confidence intervals for the difference are shown in hover text and half-width confidence intervals for the difference, centered at the midpoint of the proportions, are shown. These have the property of intersecting the two proportions if and only if there is no significant difference at the 1 - level.

Specify fun=exp and ifun=log if estimates and confidence limits are on the log scale. Make sure that zeros were prevented in the original calculations. For exponential hazard rates this can be accomplished by replacing event counts of 0 with 0.5.


dotchartpl(x, major=NULL, minor=NULL, group=NULL, mult=NULL,
           big=NULL, htext=NULL, num=NULL, denom=NULL,
           numlabel='', denomlabel='',
           fun=function(x) x, ifun=function(x) x, op='-',
           lower=NULL, upper=NULL,
           refgroup=NULL, sortdiff=TRUE,,
           minkeep=NULL, xlim=NULL, xlab='Proportion',
           tracename=NULL, limitstracename='Limits',
           nonbigtracename='Stratified Estimates',
           dec=3, width=800, height=NULL,



a numeric vector used for values on the x-axis


major vertical category, e.g., variable labels


minor vertical category, e.g. category levels within variables


superpositioning variable such as treatment


strata names for further subdivisions without groups


omit if all levels of mult are equally important or if mult is omitted. Otherwise denotes major (larger points, right on horizontal lines) vs. minor (smaller, transparent points slightly below the line).


additional hover text per point


if x represents proportions, optionally specifies numerators to be used in fractions added to hover text. When num is given, x is automatically added to hover text, rounded to 3 digits after the decimal point.


like num but for denominators


character string to put to the right of the numerator in hover text


character string to put to the right of the denominator in hover text


a transformation to make when printing estimates. For example, one may specify fun=exp to anti-log estimates and confidence limites that were computed on a log basis


inverse transformation of fun


set to for example '/' when fun=exp and effects are computed as ratios instead of differences. This is used in hover text.


lower limits for optional error bars


upper limits for optional error bars


if group is specified and there are exactly two groups, specify the character string for the reference group in computing difference in proportions. For example if refgroup='A' and the group levels are 'A','B', you will get B - A.


minor categories are sorted by descending values of the difference in proportions when refgroup is used, unless you specify sortdiff=FALSE

confidence level for computing confidence intervals for the difference in two proportions. Specify to suppress confidence intervals.


if refgroup and minkeep are both given, observations that are at or above minkeep for at least one of the groups are retained. The defaults to to keep all observations.


x-axis limits


x-axis label


plotly trace name if group is not used


plotly trace name for lower and upper if group is not used


plotly trace name used for non-big elements, which usually represent stratified versions of the "big" observations


a function or vector of colors to assign to group. If a function it will be evaluated with an argument equal to the number of distinct groups.


number of places to the right of the decimal place for formatting numeric quantities in hover text


width of plot in pixels


height of plot in pixels; computed from number of strata by default


a plotly object. An attribute levelsRemoved is added if minkeep is used and any categories were omitted from the plot as a result. This is a character vector with categories removed. If major is present, the strings are of the form major:minor


Frank Harrell

See Also



## Not run: 
d <- expand.grid(major=c('Alabama', 'Alaska', 'Arkansas'),
                 minor=c('East', 'West'),
                 group=c('Female', 'Male'),
n <- nrow(d)
d$num   <- round(100*runif(n))
d$denom <- d$num + round(100*runif(n))
d$x     <- d$num / d$denom
d$lower <- d$x - runif(n)
d$upper <- d$x + runif(n)

 dotchartpl(x, major, minor, group, city, lower=lower, upper=upper,
            big=city==0, num=num, denom=denom, xlab='x'))

# Show half-width confidence intervals for Female - Male differences
# after subsetting the data to have only one record per
# state/region/group
d <- subset(d, city == 0)
 dotchartpl(x, major, minor, group, num=num, denom=denom,
            lower=lower, upper=upper, refgroup='Male')

n <- 500
d <- data.frame(
  race         = sample(c('Asian', 'Black/AA', 'White'), n, TRUE),
  sex          = sample(c('Female', 'Male'), n, TRUE),
  treat        = sample(c('A', 'B'), n, TRUE),
  smoking      = sample(c('Smoker', 'Non-smoker'), n, TRUE),
  hypertension = sample(c('Hypertensive', 'Non-Hypertensive'), n, TRUE),
  region       = sample(c('North America','Europe','South America',
                          'Europe', 'Asia', 'Central America'), n, TRUE))

d <- upData(d, labels=c(race='Race', sex='Sex'))

dm <- addMarginal(d, region)
s <- summaryP(race + sex + smoking + hypertension ~
                region + treat,  data=dm)

s$region <- ifelse(s$region == 'All', 'All Regions', as.character(s$region))

 dotchartpl(freq / denom, major=var, minor=val, group=treat, mult=region,
            big=region == 'All Regions', num=freq, denom=denom)

s2 <- s[- attr(s, ''), ]
     dotchartpl(freq / denom, major=var, minor=val, group=treat, mult=region,
                big=region == 'All Regions', num=freq, denom=denom)
# Note these plots can be created by plot.summaryP when options(grType='plotly')

# Plot hazard rates and ratios with confidence limits, on log scale
d <- data.frame(tx=c('a', 'a', 'b', 'b'),
                event=c('MI', 'stroke', 'MI', 'stroke'),
                count=c(10, 5, 5, 2),
                exposure=c(1000, 1000, 900, 900))
# There were no zero event counts in this dataset.  In general we
# want to handle that, hence the 0.5 below
d <- upData(d, hazard = pmax(0.5, count) / exposure,
               selog  = sqrt(1. / pmax(0.5, count)),
               lower  = log(hazard) - 1.96 * selog,
               upper  = log(hazard) + 1.96 * selog)
     dotchartpl(log(hazard), minor=event, group=tx, num=count, denom=exposure,
                lower=lower, upper=upper,
                fun=exp, ifun=log, op='/',
                numlabel='events', denomlabel='years',
                refgroup='a', xlab='Events Per Person-Year')

## End(Not run)

Hmisc documentation built on Sept. 12, 2023, 5:06 p.m.