summarize: Compute summary statistics

View source: R/summarize.R

summarizeR Documentation

Compute summary statistics


Compute summary statistics for multiple variables and/or multiple groups and save them in a data frame.


  na.action = stats::na.pass,
  na.rm = FALSE,
  level = 0.95,
  columns = c("observed", "missing", "mean", "sd", "min", "q1", "median", "q3", "max",
  which = NULL,
  skip.reference = TRUE,
  digits = NULL,



[formula] on the left hand side the outcome(s) and on the right hand side the grouping variables. E.g. Y1+Y2 ~ Gender + Gene will compute for each gender and gene the summary statistics for Y1 and for Y2. Passed to the stats::aggregate function.


[data.frame] dataset containing the observations.


[function] a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain 'NA' values. Passed to the stats::aggregate function.


[logical] Should the summary statistics be computed by omitting the missing values.


[numeric,0-1] the confidence level of the confidence intervals.


[character vector] name of the summary statistics to kept in the output. Can be any of, or a combination of:

  • "observed": number of observations with a measurement.

  • "missing": number of missing observations. When specifying a grouping variable, it will also attempt to count missing rows in the dataset.

  • "pc.missing": percentage missing observations.

  • "mean", "mean.lower" "mean.upper": mean with its confidence interval.

  • "median", "median.lower" "median.upper": median with its confidence interval.

  • "sd": standard deviation.

  • "q1", "q3", "IQR": 1st and 3rd quartile, interquartile range.

  • "min", "max": minimum and maximum observation.

  • "predict.lower", "predict.upper": prediction interval for normally distributed outcome.

  • "correlation": correlation matrix between the outcomes (when feasible, see detail section).


[function] user-defined function for computing summary statistics. It should take a vector as an argument and output a named single value or a named vector.


deprecated, use the argument columns instead.


[logical] should the summary statistics for the reference level of categorical variables be omitted?


[integer, >=0] the minimum number of significant digits to be used to display the results. Passed to


additional arguments passed to argument FUN.


This function is essentially an interface to the stats::aggregate function.

Confidence intervals (CI) and prediction intervals (PI) for the mean are computed via stats::t.test. Confidence intervals (CI) for the median are computed via asht::medianTest.

Correlation can be assessed when a grouping and ordering variable are given in the formula interface , e.g. Y ~ time|id.


A data frame containing summary statistics (in columns) for each outcome and value of the grouping variables (rows). It has an attribute "correlation" when it was possible to compute the correlation matrix for each outcome with respect to the grouping variable.


## simulate data in the wide format
d <- sampleRem(1e2, n.times = 3)
d$treat <-  sample(LETTERS[1:3], NROW(d), replace=TRUE, prob=c(0.3, 0.3, 0.4) )

## add a missing value
d2 <- d
d2[1,"Y2"] <- NA

## run summarize
summarize(Y1 ~ 1, data = d)
summarize(Y1 ~ 1, data = d, FUN = quantile, p = c(0.25,0.75))
summarize(Y1+Y2 ~ X1, data = d)
summarize(treat ~ 1, skip.reference = FALSE, data = d)

summarize(Y1 ~ X1, data = d2)
summarize(Y1+Y2 ~ X1, data = d2, na.rm = TRUE)

## long format
dL <- reshape(d, idvar = "id", direction = "long",
             v.names = "Y", varying = c("Y1","Y2","Y3"))
summarize(Y ~ time + X1, data = dL)

## compute correlations (single time variable)
e.S <- summarize(Y ~ time + X1 | id, data = dL, na.rm = TRUE)
attr(e.S, "correlation")

## compute correlations (composite time variable)
dL$time2 <- dL$time == 2
dL$time3 <- dL$time == 3
e.S <- summarize(Y ~ time2 + time3 + X1 | id, data = dL, na.rm = TRUE)
attr(e.S, "correlation")

LMMstar documentation built on Jan. 7, 2023, 1:20 a.m.