# TLindley: Transmuted Lindley Distribution In LindleyR: The Lindley Distribution and Its Modifications

## Description

Density function, distribution function, quantile function, random number generation and hazard rate function for the transmuted Lindley distribution with parameters theta and alpha.

## Usage

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 dtlindley(x, theta, alpha, log = FALSE) ptlindley(q, theta, alpha, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE) qtlindley(p, theta, alpha, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE, L = 1e-04, U = 50) rtlindley(n, theta, alpha, L = 1e-04, U = 50) htlindley(x, theta, alpha, log = FALSE) 

## Arguments

 x, q vector of positive quantiles. theta positive parameter. alpha -1 ≤q α ≤q +1. log, log.p logical; If TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p). lower.tail logical; If TRUE, (default), P(X ≤q x) are returned, otherwise P(X > x). p vector of probabilities. L, U interval which uniroot searches for a root (quantile), L = 1e-4 and U = 50 are the default values. n number of observations. If length(n) > 1, the length is taken to be the number required.

## Details

Probability density function

f(x\mid θ ,α )={\frac{{θ }^{2}≤ft( 1+x\right) e{^{-θ x}}}{1+θ }≤ft[ 1-α +2α ≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }}\right) e{^{-θ x}}\right] }

Cumulative distribution function

F(x\mid θ ,α )=≤ft( 1+α \right) ≤ft[ 1-≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }}\right) e{^{-θ x}}\right] -α ≤ft[1-≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }}\right) e{^{-θ x}}\right]^{2}

Quantile function

\code{does not have a closed mathematical expression}

Hazard rate function

h(x\mid θ ,α )={\frac{{θ }^{2}≤ft( 1+x\right) e{^{-θ x}≤ft[ 1-α +2α ≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }} \right) e{^{-θ x}}\right] }}{≤ft( 1+θ \right) ≤ft\{ ≤ft( 1+α \right) ≤ft[ 1-≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }}\right) e{^{-θ x}}\right] -α ≤ft[ 1-≤ft( 1+{\frac{θ x}{1+θ }}\right) e{^{-θ x}}\right] ^{2}\right\} }}

Particular case: α = 0 the one-parameter Lindley distribution.

## Value

dtlindley gives the density, ptlindley gives the distribution function, qtlindley gives the quantile function, rtlindley generates random deviates and htlindley gives the hazard rate function.

Invalid arguments will return an error message.

## Note

The uniroot function with default arguments is used to find out the quantiles.

## Author(s)

Josmar Mazucheli [email protected]

Larissa B. Fernandes [email protected]

## Source

[d-h-p-q-r]tlindley are calculated directly from the definitions. rtlindley uses the quantile function.

## References

Merovci, F., (2013). Transmuted Lindley distribution. International Journal of Open Problems in Computer Science and Mathematics, 63, (3), 63-72.

uniroot.
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 set.seed(1) x <- rtlindley(n = 1000, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5) R <- range(x) S <- seq(from = R[1], to = R[2], by = 0.1) plot(S, dtlindley(S, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5), xlab = 'x', ylab = 'pdf') hist(x, prob = TRUE, main = '', add = TRUE) p <- seq(from = 0.1, to = 0.9, by = 0.1) q <- quantile(x, prob = p) ptlindley(q, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5, lower.tail = TRUE) ptlindley(q, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5, lower.tail = FALSE) qtlindley(p, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5, lower.tail = TRUE) qtlindley(p, theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5, lower.tail = FALSE) library(fitdistrplus) fit <- fitdist(x, 'tlindley', start = list(theta = 1.5, alpha = 0.5)) plot(fit)