negmn: The Negative Multinomial Distribution

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) Examples

Description

dnegmn calculates the log of the negative multinomial probability mass function. rnegmn generates random observations from the negative multinomial distribution.

Usage

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rnegmn(n, beta, prob)

dnegmn(Y, beta, prob = alpha/(rowSums(alpha) + 1), alpha = NULL)

Arguments

n

number of random vectors to generate. When beta is a scalar and prob is a vector, must specify n. When beta is a vector and prob is a matrix, n is optional. The default value of n is the length of beta. If given, n should be equal to the length of beta.

beta

the over dispersion parameter of the negative multinomial distribution. beta can be either a scalar or a vector of length n.

prob

the probability parameter of the negative multinomial distribution. Should be a numerical non-negative vector or matrix.

For dnegmn, prob can be either a vector of length d (d ≥ 2) or a matrix with matching size of Y. If prob is a vector, it will be replicated n times to match the dimension of Y. The sum of each row of prob should be smaller than 1.

For rnegmn, If prob is a vector, beta must be a scalar. All the n random vectors will be drawn from the same prob and beta. If prob is a matrix, the number of rows should match the length of beta. Each random vector will be drawn from the corresponding row of prob and the corresponding element of beta. Each row of prob should have sum less than 1.

Y

the multivariate response matrix of dimension nxd, where n = 1, 2, … is number of observations and d=2,3,… is number of categories.

alpha

an alternative way to specify the probability. Default value is NULL. See details.

Details

y=(y_1, …, y_d) is a d category vector. Given the parameter vector p= (p_1, …, p_d), p_{d+1} = 1/(1 + sum_{j'=1}^d p_{j'}), and β, β>0, the negative multinomial probability mass function is

P(y|p,β) = C_{m}^{β+m-1} C_{y_1, …, y_d}^{m} prod_{j=1}^d p_j^{y_j} p_{d+1}^β = (β_m)/(m!) C_{y_1, …, y_d}^{m} prod_{j=1}^d p_j^{y_j} p_{d+1}^β,

where m = sum_{j=1}^d y_j. Here, C_k^n, often read as "n choose k", refers the number of k combinations from a set of n elements.

alpha is an alternative way to specify the probability:

p_j = α_j / (1+sum_{k=1}^{d} α_k)

for j=1,…,d and p_{d+1} = 1 / (1+sum_{k=1}^{d} α_k).

The parameter prob can be a vector and beta is a scalar; prob can also be a matrix with n rows, and beta is a vector of length n like the estimate from the regression function multiplied by the covariate matrix.

Value

dnegmn returns the value of logP(y|p, β). When Y is a matrix of n rows, the function returns a vector of length n.

rnegmn returns a nxd matrix of the generated random observations.

Author(s)

Yiwen Zhang and Hua Zhou

Examples

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###-----------------------###
set.seed(128)
n <- 100
d <- 4
p <- 5
a <- -matrix(1,p,d)
X <- matrix(runif(n*p), n, p )
alpha <- exp(X%*%a)
prob <- alpha/(rowSums(alpha)+1)
beta <- exp(X%*%matrix(1,p)) 
Y <- rnegmn(n, beta, prob)

###-----------------------###
m <- 20
n <- 10
p <- 5
d <- 6
a <- -matrix(1,p,d)
X <- matrix(runif(n*p), n, p )
alpha <- exp(X%*%a)
prob <- alpha/(rowSums(alpha)+1)
b <- exp(X%*%rep(0.3,p)) 
Y <- rnegmn(prob=prob, beta=rep(10, n))
dnegmn(Y, b, prob)

MGLM documentation built on May 2, 2019, 1:38 p.m.