invPerm: Utilities for Permutation Vectors

View source: R/perm.R

invertPermR Documentation

Utilities for Permutation Vectors


invertPerm and signPerm compute the inverse and sign of a length-n permutation vector. isPerm tests if a length-n integer vector is a valid permutation vector. asPerm coerces a length-m transposition vector to a length-n permutation vector, where m <= n.


invertPerm(p, off = 1L, ioff = 1L)
signPerm(p, off = 1L)
isPerm(p, off = 1L)
asPerm(pivot, off = 1L, ioff = 1L, n = length(pivot))

invPerm(p, zero.p = FALSE, zero.res = FALSE)



an integer vector of length n.


an integer vector of length m.


an integer offset, indicating that p is a permutation of off+0:(n-1) or that pivot contains m values sampled with replacement from off+0:(n-1).


an integer offset, indicating that the result should be a permutation of ioff+0:(n-1).


a integer greater than or equal to m, indicating the length of the result. Transpositions are applied to a permutation vector vector initialized as seq_len(n).


a logical. Equivalent to off=0 if TRUE and off=1 if FALSE.


a logical. Equivalent to ioff=0 if TRUE and ioff=1 if FALSE.


invertPerm(p, off, ioff=1) is equivalent to order(p) or sort.list(p) for all values of off. For the default value off=1, it returns the value of p after p[p] <- seq_along(p).

invPerm is a simple wrapper around invertPerm, retained for backwards compatibility.


By default, i.e., with off=1 and ioff=1:

invertPerm(p) returns an integer vector of length length(p) such that p[invertPerm(p)] and invertPerm(p)[p] are both seq_along(p), i.e., the identity permutation.

signPerm(p) returns 1 if p is an even permutation and -1 otherwise (i.e., if p is odd).

isPerm(p) returns TRUE if p is a permutation of seq_along(p) and FALSE otherwise.

asPerm(pivot) returns the result of transposing elements i and pivot[i] of a permutation vector initialized as seq_len(n), for i in seq_along(pivot).

See Also

Class pMatrix of permutation matrices.


p <- sample(10L) # a random permutation vector
ip <- invertPerm(p)
s <- signPerm(p)

## 'p' and 'ip' are indeed inverses:
stopifnot(exprs = {
    identical(s, 1L) || identical(s, -1L)
    identical(s, signPerm(ip))
    identical(p[ip], 1:10)
    identical(ip[p], 1:10)
    identical(invertPerm(ip), p)

## Product of transpositions (1 2)(2 1)(4 3)(6 8)(10 1) = (3 4)(6 8)(1 10)
pivot <- c(2L, 1L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 8L, 7L, 8L, 9L, 1L)
q <- asPerm(pivot)
stopifnot(exprs = {
    identical(q, c(10L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 8L, 7L, 6L, 9L, 1L))
    identical(q[q], seq_len(10L)) # because the permutation is odd:
    signPerm(q) == -1L

invPerm # a less general version of 'invertPerm'

Matrix documentation built on Nov. 14, 2023, 5:06 p.m.