data-Beetle: Flour beetle mortality data

Description Usage Format Source References Examples

Description

Mortality of flour beetles (Tribolium confusum) due to exposure to gaseous carbon disulfide CS2, from Bliss (1935).

Usage

1

Format

Beetle is a data frame with 5 elements.

Prop

a matrix with two columns named nkilled and nsurvived

mortality

observed mortality rate

dose

the dose of CS2 in mg/L

n.tested

number of beetles tested

n.killed

number of beetles killed.

Source

Bliss C. I. (1935) The calculation of the dosage-mortality curve. Annals of Applied Biology, 22: 134-167.

References

Burnham, K. P. and Anderson, D. R. (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. 2nd ed. New York, Springer-Verlag.

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
# "Logistic regression example"
# from Burnham & Anderson (2002) chapter 4.11
# Fit a global model with all the considered variables

globmod <- glm(Prop ~ dose + I(dose^2) + log(dose) + I(log(dose)^2),
   data = Beetle, family = binomial, na.action = na.fail)
# A logical expression defining the subset of models to use:
# * either log(dose) or dose
# * the quadratic terms can appear only together with linear terms
msubset <- expression(xor(dose, `log(dose)`) &
    dc(dose, `I(dose^2)`) &
    dc(`log(dose)`, `I(log(dose)^2)`))

# Table 4.6
# Use 'varying' argument to fit models with different link functions
# Note the use of 'alist' rather than 'list' in order to keep the
# 'family' objects unevaluated
varying.link <- list(family = alist(
    logit = binomial("logit"),
    probit = binomial("probit"),
    cloglog = binomial("cloglog")
    ))

(ms12 <- dredge(globmod, subset = msubset, varying = varying.link,
    rank = AIC))
 
# Table 4.7 "models justifiable a priori"
(ms3 <- subset(ms12, has(dose, !`I(dose^2)`))) 
# The same result, but would fit the models again:
# ms3 <- update(ms12, update(globmod, . ~ dose), subset =,
#    fixed = ~dose)
mod3 <- get.models(ms3, 1:3) 
# Table 4.8. Predicted mortality probability at dose 40.
# calculate confidence intervals on logit scale
logit.ci <- function(p, se, quantile = 2) {
    C. <- exp(quantile * se / (p * (1 - p))) 
    p /(p + (1 - p) * c(C., 1/C.)) 
}

mavg3 <- model.avg(mod3, revised.var = FALSE) 
# get predictions both from component and averaged models
pred <- lapply(c(component = mod3, list(averaged = mavg3)), predict,
	   newdata = list(dose = 40), type = "response", se.fit = TRUE) 
# reshape predicted values
pred <- t(sapply(pred, function(x) unlist(x)[1:2])) 
colnames(pred) <- c("fit", "se.fit") 

# build the table
tab <- cbind(
    c(Weights(ms3), NA),
    pred,
    matrix(logit.ci(pred[,"fit"], pred[,"se.fit"],
        quantile = c(rep(1.96, 3), 2)), ncol = 2) 
    ) 
colnames(tab) <- c("Akaike weight", "Predicted(40)", "SE", "Lower CI",
    "Upper CI") 
rownames(tab) <- c(as.character(ms3$family), "model-averaged") 
print(tab, digits = 3, na.print = "") 
# Figure 4.3
newdata <- list(dose = seq(min(Beetle$dose), max(Beetle$dose), length.out = 25)) 

# add model-averaged prediction with CI, using the same method as above
avpred <- predict(mavg3, newdata, se.fit = TRUE, type = "response")

avci <- matrix(logit.ci(avpred$fit, avpred$se.fit, quantile = 2), ncol = 2) 


matplot(newdata$dose, sapply(mod3, predict, newdata, type = "response"),
    type = "l", xlab = quote(list("Dose of" ~ CS[2],(mg/L))),
    ylab = "Mortality", col = 2:4, lty = 3, lwd = 1
) 
matplot(newdata$dose, cbind(avpred$fit, avci), type = "l", add = TRUE,
    lwd = 1, lty = c(1, 2, 2), col = 1)  

legend("topleft", NULL, c(as.character(ms3$family), expression(`averaged`
    %+-% CI)), lty = c(3, 3, 3, 1), col = c(2:4, 1))  

MuMIn documentation built on April 17, 2020, 1:14 a.m.