POS-Tagged Word Text Documents

Description

Create text documents from files containing POS-tagged words.

Usage

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TaggedTextDocument(con, encoding = "unknown",
                   word_tokenizer = whitespace_tokenizer,
                   sent_tokenizer = Regexp_Tokenizer("\n", invert = TRUE),
                   para_tokenizer = blankline_tokenizer,
                   sep = "/",
                   meta = list())

Arguments

con

a connection object or a character string. See readLines() for details.

encoding

encoding to be assumed for input strings. See readLines() for details.

word_tokenizer

a function for obtaining the word token spans.

sent_tokenizer

a function for obtaining the sentence token spans.

para_tokenizer

a function for obtaining the paragraph token spans, or NULL in which case no paragraph tokenization is performed.

sep

the character string separating the word tokens and their POS tags.

meta

a named or empty list of document metadata tag-value pairs.

Details

TaggedTextDocument() creates documents representing natural language text as suitable collections of POS-tagged words, based on using readLines() to read text lines from connections providing such collections.

The text read is split into paragraph, sentence and tagged word tokens using the span tokenizers specified by arguments para_tokenizer, sent_tokenizer and word_tokenizer. By default, paragraphs are assumed to be separated by blank lines, sentences by newlines and tagged word tokens by whitespace. Finally, word tokens and their POS tags are obtained by splitting the tagged word tokens according to sep. From this, a suitable representation of the provided collection of POS-tagged words is obtained, and returned as a tagged text document object inheriting from classes "TaggedTextDocument" and "TextDocument".

There are methods for generics words(), sents(), paras(), tagged_words(), tagged_sents(), and tagged_paras() (as well as as.character()) and class "TaggedTextDocument", which should be used to access the text in such text document objects.

The methods for generics tagged_words(), tagged_sents() and tagged_paras() provide a mechanism for mapping POS tags via the map argument, see section Details in the help page for tagged_words() for more information. The POS tagset used will be inferred from the POS_tagset metadata element of the CoNLL-style text document.

Value

An object inheriting from "TaggedTextDocument" and "TextDocument".

See Also

http://nltk.github.com/nltk_data/packages/corpora/brown.zip which provides the W. N. Francis and H. Kucera Brown tagged word corpus as an archive of files which can be read in using TaggedTextDocument().

Package tm.corpus.Brown available from the repository at http://datacube.wu.ac.at conveniently provides this corpus as a tm VCorpus of tagged text documents.