R/monitor_aqi.R

Defines functions .assignBreakpointsTable monitor_aqi

Documented in monitor_aqi

#' @keywords ws_monitor
#' @export
#' @title Calculate hourly NowCast-based AQI values
#' @param ws_monitor \emph{ws_monitor} object
#' @param aqiParameter parameter type; used to define reference breakpointsTable
#' @param nowcastVersion character identity specifying the type of nowcast algorithm to be used.
#' See \code{?monitor_nowcast} for more information.
#' @param includeShortTerm calcluate preliminary values starting with the 2nd hour
#' @description Nowcast and AQI algorithms are applied to the data in the ws_monitor object.
#' @references \url{https://docs.airnowapi.org/aq101}
#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' library(PWFSLSmoke)
#'
#' ws_monitor <- monitor_subset(Northwest_Megafires, tlim=c(20150815,20150831))
#' aqi <- monitor_aqi(ws_monitor)
#' monitor_timeseriesPlot(aqi, monitorID=aqi$meta$monitorID[1], ylab="PM25 AQI")
#' }

# NOTE: set up with argument to handle pm25 only; but write code to handle other pollutants if we ever get there

monitor_aqi <- function(
  ws_monitor,
  aqiParameter = 'pm25',
  nowcastVersion = 'pm',
  includeShortTerm = FALSE
) {

  # Sanity check
  if ( monitor_isEmpty(ws_monitor) ) stop("ws_monitor object contains zero monitors")

  # assign breakpoints
  breakpointsTable <- .assignBreakpointsTable(aqiParameter)

  # calculate NowCast values
  # TODO: add argument to specify whether to use NowCast values or regulatory averages for AQI
  ws_monitor <- monitor_nowcast(ws_monitor, version = nowcastVersion, includeShortTerm = includeShortTerm)

  # pull out data for AQI calculation
  n <- ncol(ws_monitor$data)
  data <- ws_monitor$data[2:n]

  # NOTE: see https://forum.airnowtech.org/t/how-does-airnow-handle-negative-hourly-concentrations/143
  data[data<0] <- 0

  # TODO: include/expand checks to ensure values are appropriately truncated
  if ( aqiParameter == "pm25" || nowcastVersion == "pm" ) {
    digits <- 1
  } else {
    digits <- 0
  }
  data <- trunc(data*10^digits)/10^digits

  # for each datapoint find the breakpointsTable row index that corresponds to the concentration
  rowIndex <- apply(X=data, MARGIN=2, FUN=findInterval, vec=breakpointsTable$rangeHigh, left.open=TRUE)
  rowIndex <- rowIndex + 1

  # From 40 CFR 58 Appendix G.12.ii:
  #  If the concentration is larger than the highest breakpoint in Table 2
  #  then you may use the last two breakpoints in Table 2 when you apply Equation 1.
  rowIndex[rowIndex > nrow(breakpointsTable)] <- nrow(breakpointsTable)

  # assign breakpoints and corresponding index values
  I_Hi <- breakpointsTable$aqiHigh[rowIndex]
  I_Lo <- breakpointsTable$aqiLow[rowIndex]
  BP_Hi <- breakpointsTable$rangeHigh[rowIndex]
  BP_Lo <- breakpointsTable$rangeLow[rowIndex]

  # apply Equation 1 from 40 CFR 58 Appendix G and round to the nearest integer
  I_p <- (I_Hi-I_Lo)/(BP_Hi-BP_Lo)*(data-BP_Lo)+I_Lo
  I_p <- round(I_p, 0)

  ws_monitor$data[2:n] <- I_p

  return(ws_monitor)

}

# ----- helper function --------------------

.assignBreakpointsTable <- function(parameter="pm25") {

  # TODO: Add other breakpoint table options

  if ( parameter == "pm25") {
    # From Table 2 at https://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/retrieveECFR?n=40y6.0.1.1.6#ap40.6.58_161.g
    breakpointsTable <- data.frame(
      rangeLow = c(0.0, 12.1, 35.5, 55.5, 150.5, 250.5, 350.5),
      rangeHigh = c(12.0, 35.4, 55.4, 150.4, 250.4, 350.4, 500.4),
      aqiLow = c(0, 51, 101, 151, 201, 301, 401),
      aqiHigh = c(50, 100, 150, 200, 300, 400, 500)
    )
  } else {
    stop("only pm25 currently supported")
  }

  return(breakpointsTable)

}

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PWFSLSmoke documentation built on July 8, 2020, 7:19 p.m.