dbConnect-MariaDBDriver-method: Connect/disconnect to a MariaDB DBMS

Description Usage Arguments Time zones Secure passwords References Examples

Description

These methods are straight-forward implementations of the corresponding generic functions.

Usage

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MariaDB()

## S4 method for signature 'MariaDBDriver'
dbConnect(
  drv,
  dbname = NULL,
  username = NULL,
  password = NULL,
  host = NULL,
  unix.socket = NULL,
  port = 0,
  client.flag = 0,
  groups = "rs-dbi",
  default.file = NULL,
  ssl.key = NULL,
  ssl.cert = NULL,
  ssl.ca = NULL,
  ssl.capath = NULL,
  ssl.cipher = NULL,
  ...,
  load_data_local_infile = FALSE,
  bigint = c("integer64", "integer", "numeric", "character"),
  timeout = 10,
  timezone = "+00:00",
  timezone_out = NULL
)

Arguments

drv

an object of class MariaDBDriver or MariaDBConnection.

dbname

string with the database name or NULL. If not NULL, the connection sets the default database to this value.

username, password

Username and password. If username omitted, defaults to the current user. If password is omitted, only users without a password can log in.

host

string identifying the host machine running the MariaDB server or NULL. If NULL or the string "localhost", a connection to the local host is assumed.

unix.socket

(optional) string of the unix socket or named pipe.

port

(optional) integer of the TCP/IP default port.

client.flag

(optional) integer setting various MariaDB client flags, see Client-flags for details.

groups

string identifying a section in the default.file to use for setting authentication parameters (see MariaDB()).

default.file

string of the filename with MariaDB client options, only relevant if groups is given. The default value depends on the operating system (see references), on Linux and OS X the files ~/.my.cnf and ~/.mylogin.cnf are used. Expanded with normalizePath().

ssl.key

(optional) string of the filename of the SSL key file to use. Expanded with normalizePath().

ssl.cert

(optional) string of the filename of the SSL certificate to use. Expanded with normalizePath().

ssl.ca

(optional) string of the filename of an SSL certificate authority file to use. Expanded with normalizePath().

ssl.capath

(optional) string of the path to a directory containing the trusted SSL CA certificates in PEM format. Expanded with normalizePath().

ssl.cipher

(optional) string list of permitted ciphers to use for SSL encryption.

...

Unused, needed for compatibility with generic.

load_data_local_infile

Set to TRUE to use LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE in dbWriteTable() and dbAppendTable() by default. This capability is disabled by default on the server side for recent versions of MySQL Server.

bigint

The R type that 64-bit integer types should be mapped to, default is bit64::integer64, which allows the full range of 64 bit integers.

timeout

Connection timeout, in seconds. Use Inf or a negative value for no timeout.

timezone

(optional) time zone for the connection, the default corresponds to UTC. Set this argument if your server or database is configured with a different time zone than UTC. Set to NULL to automatically determine the server time zone.

timezone_out

The time zone returned to R. The default is to use the value of the timezone argument, "+00:00" is converted to "UTC" If you want to display datetime values in the local timezone, set to Sys.timezone() or "". This setting does not change the time values returned, only their display.

Time zones

MySQL and MariaDB support named time zones, they must be installed on the server. See https://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql-g11n-excerpt/8.0/en/time-zone-support.html for more details. Without installation, time zone support is restricted to UTC offset, which cannot take into account DST offsets.

Secure passwords

Avoid storing passwords hard-coded in the code, use e.g. the keyring package to store and retrieve passwords in a secure way.

The MySQL client library (but not MariaDB) supports a .mylogin.cnf file that can be passed in the default.file argument. This file can contain an obfuscated password, which is not a secure way to store passwords but may be acceptable if the user is aware of the restrictions. The availability of this feature depends on the client library used for compiling the RMariaDB package. Windows and macOS binaries on CRAN are compiled against the MariaDB Connector/C client library which do not support this feature.

References

Configuration files: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/configuring-mariadb-with-mycnf/

Examples

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if (mariadbHasDefault()) {
  # connect to a database and load some data
  con <- dbConnect(RMariaDB::MariaDB(), dbname = "test")
  dbWriteTable(con, "USArrests", datasets::USArrests, temporary = TRUE)

  # query
  rs <- dbSendQuery(con, "SELECT * FROM USArrests")
  d1 <- dbFetch(rs, n = 10)      # extract data in chunks of 10 rows
  dbHasCompleted(rs)
  d2 <- dbFetch(rs, n = -1)      # extract all remaining data
  dbHasCompleted(rs)
  dbClearResult(rs)
  dbListTables(con)

  # clean up
  dbDisconnect(con)
}
## Not run: 
# Connect to a MariaDB database running locally
con <- dbConnect(RMariaDB::MariaDB(), dbname = "mydb")
# Connect to a remote database with username and password
con <- dbConnect(RMariaDB::MariaDB(),
  host = "mydb.mycompany.com",
  user = "abc", password = "def"
)
# But instead of supplying the username and password in code, it's usually
# better to set up a group in your .my.cnf (usually located in your home
# directory). Then it's less likely you'll inadvertently share them.
con <- dbConnect(RMariaDB::MariaDB(), group = "test")

# Always cleanup by disconnecting the database
dbDisconnect(con)

## End(Not run)

# All examples use the rs-dbi group by default.
if (mariadbHasDefault()) {
  con <- dbConnect(RMariaDB::MariaDB(), dbname = "test")
  con
  dbDisconnect(con)
}

RMariaDB documentation built on Dec. 20, 2021, 9:06 a.m.