# uniform.like: uniform.like - Uniform distance likelihood In Rdistance: Distance-Sampling Analyses for Density and Abundance Estimation

 uniform.like R Documentation

## uniform.like - Uniform distance likelihood

### Description

Compute uniform-like distribution for distance functions. This function was present in Rdistance version < 2.2.0. It has been replaced by the more appropriately named logistic.like.

### Usage

uniform.like(
a,
dist,
covars = NULL,
w.lo = 0,
w.hi = max(dist),
series = "cosine",
expansions = 0,
scale = TRUE,
pointSurvey = FALSE
)


### Arguments

 a A vector of likelihood parameter values. Length and meaning depend on whether covariates and expansions are present as follows: If no covariates and no expansions: a = [a, b] (see Details) If no covariates and k expansions: a = [a, b, e1, ..., ek] If p covariates and no expansions: a = [a, b, b1, ..., bp] If p covariates and k expansions: a = [a, b, b1, ..., bp, e1, ..., ek] dist A numeric vector containing observed distances with measurement units. covars Data frame containing values of covariates at each observation in dist. w.lo Scalar value of the lowest observable distance, with measurement units. This is the left truncation sighting distance. Values less than w.lo are allowed in dist, but are ignored and their likelihood value is set to NA in the output. w.hi Scalar value of the largest observable distance, with measurement units. This is the right truncation sighting distance. Values greater than w.hi are allowed in dist, but are ignored and their likelihood value is set to NA in the output. series A string specifying the type of expansion to use. Currently, valid values are 'simple', 'hermite', and 'cosine'; but, see dfuncEstim about defining other series. expansions A scalar specifying the number of terms in series. Depending on the series, this could be 0 through 5. The default of 0 equates to no expansion terms of any type. scale Logical scalar indicating whether or not to scale the likelihood into a density function, i.e., so that it integrates to 1. This parameter is used to stop recursion in other functions. If scale equals TRUE, a numerical integration routine (integration.constant) is called, which in turn calls this likelihood function again with scale = FALSE. Thus, this routine knows when its values are being used to compute the likelihood and when its values are being used to compute the constant of integration. All user defined likelihoods must have and use this parameter. pointSurvey Boolean. TRUE if dist is point transect data, FALSE if line transect data.

### Value

A numeric vector the same length and order as dist containing the likelihood contribution for corresponding distances in dist. Assuming L is the returned vector, the log likelihood of all data is -sum(log(L), na.rm=T). Note that the returned likelihood value for distances less than w.lo or greater than w.hi is NA, and thus it is essential to use na.rm=TRUE in the sum. If scale = TRUE, the integral of the likelihood from w.lo to w.hi is 1.0. If scale = FALSE, the integral of the likelihood is arbitrary.

### Expansion Terms

If expansions = k (k > 0), the expansion function specified by series is called (see for example cosine.expansion). Assuming h_{ij}(x) is the j^{th} expansion term for the i^{th} distance and that c_1, c_2, \dots, c_k are (estimated) coefficients, the likelihood contribution for the i^{th} distance is,

f(x|a,b,c_1,c_2,\dots,c_k) = f(x|a,b)(1 + \sum_{j=1}^{k} c_j h_{ij}(x)).

Rdistance documentation built on July 9, 2023, 6:46 p.m.