dari.new: UNU.RAN generator based on Discrete Automatic Rejection...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

UNU.RAN random variate generator for discrete distributions with given probability mass function (PMF). It is based on Discrete Automatic Rejection Inversion (‘DARI’).

[Universal] – Rejection Method.

Usage

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dari.new(pmf, lb, ub, mode=NA, sum=1, ...)
darid.new(distr)

Arguments

pmf

probability mass function. (R function)

lb

lower bound of domain; use -Inf if unbounded from left. (numeric, integer)

ub

upper bound of domain; use Inf if unbounded from right. (numeric, integer)

mode

mode of distribution. (integer)

sum

sum over all “probabilities”. (numeric)

...

(optional) arguments for pmf.

distr

distribution object. (S4 object of class "unuran.discr")

Details

This function creates an unuran object based on ‘DARI’ (Discrete Automatic Rejection Inversion). It can be used to draw samples of a discrete random variate with given probability mass function using ur.

Function pmf must be postive but need not be normalized (i.e., it can be any multiple of a probability mass function).

The given function must be T_(-0.5)-concave; this includes all log-concave distributions.

In addition the algorithm requires the location of the mode. If omitted then it is computed by a slow numerical search.

If the sum over all probabilities is different from 1 then a rough estimate of this sum is required.

Alternatively, one can use function darid.new where the object distr of class "unuran.discr" must contain all required information about the distribution.

Value

An object of class "unuran".

Author(s)

Josef Leydold and Wolfgang H\"ormann [email protected].

References

W. H\"ormann, J. Leydold, and G. Derflinger (2004): Automatic Nonuniform Random Variate Generation. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. See Section 10.2 (Tranformed Probability Rejection).

See Also

ur, unuran.discr, unuran.new, unuran.

Examples

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## Create a sample of size 100 for a Binomial distribution
## with 1000 number if observations and probability 0.2
gen <- dari.new(pmf=dbinom, lb=0, ub=1000, size=1000, prob=0.2)
x <- ur(gen,100)

## Create a sample from a distribution with PMF
##  p(x) = 1/x^3, x >= 1  (Zipf distribution)
zipf <- function (x) { 1/x^3 }
gen <- dari.new(pmf=zipf, lb=1, ub=Inf)
x <- ur(gen,100)

## Alternative approach
distr <- udbinom(size=100,prob=0.3)
gen <- darid.new(distr)
x <- ur(gen,100)

Runuran documentation built on Feb. 4, 2020, 9:09 a.m.