R/sample.simple.R In animation: A Gallery of Animations in Statistics and Utilities to Create Animations

Documented in sample.simple

```#' Demonstration for simple random sampling without replacement
#'
#' The whole sample frame is denoted by a matrix (\code{nrow * ncol}) in the
#' plane just for convenience, and the points being sampled are marked out (by
#' red circles by default). Each member of the population has an equal and known
#' chance of being selected.
#' @param nrow the desired number of rows of the sample frame.
#' @param ncol the desired number of columns of the sample frame.
#' @param size the sample size.
#' @param p.col,p.cex different colors /magnification rate to annotate the
#'   population and the sample
#' @return None (invisible \code{NULL}).
#' @author Yihui Xie
#' @references Examples at \url{https://yihui.org/animation/example/sample-simple/}
#' @export
sample.simple = function(
nrow = 10, ncol = 10, size = 15, p.col = c('blue', 'red'), p.cex = c(1, 3)
) {
if (size > nrow * ncol)
stop('sample size must be smaller than the population')
x = cbind(rep(1:ncol, nrow), gl(nrow, ncol))
nmax = ani.options('nmax')
for (i in 1:nmax) {
dev.hold()
plot(
x, pch = 19, col = p.col[1], cex = p.cex[1], axes = FALSE, ann = FALSE,
xlab = '', ylab = ''
)
points(x[sample(nrow * ncol, size), ], col = p.col[2], cex = p.cex[2])
box(lwd = 1)
ani.pause()
}
invisible(NULL)
}
```

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animation documentation built on Oct. 7, 2021, 9:18 a.m.