donner: Test of Proportion Homogeneity using Donner's Adjustment

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/donner.R

Description

Tests the homogeneity of proportions between I groups (H0: p_1 = p_2 = ... = p_I ) from clustered binomial data (n, y) using the adjusted chi-squared statistic proposed by Donner (1989).

Usage

1
2
donner(formula = NULL, response = NULL,
       weights = NULL, group = NULL, data, C = NULL)

Arguments

formula

An optional formula where the left-hand side is either a matrix of the form cbind(y, n-y), where the modelled probability is y/n, or a vector of proportions to be modelled (y/n). In both cases, the right-hand side must specify a single grouping variable. When the left-hand side of the formula is a vector of proportions, the argument weight must be used to indicate the denominators of the proportions.

response

An optional argument indicating either a matrix of the form cbind(y, n-y), where the modelled probability is y/n, or a vector of proportions to be modelled (y/n).

weights

An optional argument used when the left-hand side of formula or response is a vector of proportions: weight is the denominator of the proportion.

group

An optional argument only used when response is used. In this case, this argument is a factor indicating a grouping variable.

data

A data frame containing the response (n and y) and the grouping variable.

C

If not NULL, a numerical vector of I cluster correction factors.

Details

The chi-squared statistic is adjusted with the correction factor C_i computed in each group i. The test statistic is given by:

X^2 = sum( (y_i - n_i * p)^2 / (C_i * n_i * p * (1 - p)) )

where C_i = 1 + (nA_i - 1) * ρ, nA_i is a scalar depending on the cluster sizes, and rho is the ANOVA estimate of the intra-cluster correlation, assumed common across groups (see Donner, 1989 or Donner et al., 1994). The statistic is compared to a chi-squared distribution with I - 1 degrees of freedom. Fixed correction factors can be specified with the argument C.

Value

An object of formal class “drs”: see drs-class for details. The slot tab provides the proportion of successes and the correction factor for each group.

Author(s)

Matthieu Lesnoff [email protected], Renaud Lancelot [email protected]

References

Donner, A., 1989. Statistical methods in ophthalmology: an adjusted chi-squared approach. Biometrics 45, 605-611.
Donner, A., 1993. The comparison of proportions in the presence of litter effects. Prev. Vet. Med. 18, 17-26.
Donner, A., Eliasziw, M., Klar, N., 1994. A comparison of methods for testing homogeneity of proportions in teratologic studies. Stat. Med. 13, 1253-1264.

See Also

chisq.test, raoscott, drs-class

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
  data(rats)
  donner(formula = cbind(y, n - y) ~ group, data = rats)
  donner(formula = y/n ~ group, weights = n, data = rats)
  donner(response = cbind(y, n - y), group = group, data = rats)
  donner(response = y/n, weights = n, group = group, data = rats)
  # standard test
  donner(cbind(y, n - y) ~ group, data = rats, C = c(1, 1))
  data(antibio)
  donner(cbind(y, n - y) ~ treatment, data = antibio)
  

aod documentation built on May 30, 2017, 2:10 a.m.

Related to donner in aod...