tidy.margins: Tidy a(n) margins object

View source: R/margins-tidiers.R

tidy.marginsR Documentation

Tidy a(n) margins object


Tidy summarizes information about the components of a model. A model component might be a single term in a regression, a single hypothesis, a cluster, or a class. Exactly what tidy considers to be a model component varies across models but is usually self-evident. If a model has several distinct types of components, you will need to specify which components to return.


## S3 method for class 'margins'
tidy(x, conf.int = FALSE, conf.level = 0.95, ...)



A margins object returned from margins::margins().


Logical indicating whether or not to include a confidence interval in the tidied output. Defaults to FALSE.


The confidence level to use for the confidence interval if conf.int = TRUE. Must be strictly greater than 0 and less than 1. Defaults to 0.95, which corresponds to a 95 percent confidence interval.


Additional arguments. Not used. Needed to match generic signature only. Cautionary note: Misspelled arguments will be absorbed in ..., where they will be ignored. If the misspelled argument has a default value, the default value will be used. For example, if you pass conf.lvel = 0.9, all computation will proceed using conf.level = 0.95. Two exceptions here are:

  • tidy() methods will warn when supplied an exponentiate argument if it will be ignored.

  • augment() methods will warn when supplied a newdata argument if it will be ignored.


The margins package provides a way to obtain coefficient marginal effects for a variety of (non-linear) models, such as logit or models with multiway interaction terms. Note that the glance.margins() method requires rerunning the underlying model again, which can take some time. Similarly, an augment.margins() method is not currently supported, but users can simply run the underlying model to obtain the same information.


A tibble::tibble() with columns:


Upper bound on the confidence interval for the estimate.


Lower bound on the confidence interval for the estimate.


The estimated value of the regression term.


The two-sided p-value associated with the observed statistic.


The value of a T-statistic to use in a hypothesis that the regression term is non-zero.


The standard error of the regression term.


The name of the regression term.

See Also

tidy(), margins::margins()


# load libraries for models and data

# example 1: logit model 
mod_log <- glm(am ~ cyl + hp + wt, data = mtcars, family = binomial)

# get tidied "naive" model coefficients

# convert to marginal effects with margins()
marg_log <- margins(mod_log)

# get tidied marginal effects
tidy(marg_log, conf.int = TRUE)

# requires running the underlying model again. quick for this example

# augmenting `margins` outputs isn't supported, but
# you can get the same info by running on the underlying model

# example 2: threeway interaction terms
mod_ie <- lm(mpg ~ wt * cyl * disp, data = mtcars)

# get tidied "naive" model coefficients

# convert to marginal effects with margins()
marg_ie0 <- margins(mod_ie)
# get tidied marginal effects 

# marginal effects evaluated at specific values of a variable (here: cyl)
marg_ie1 <- margins(mod_ie, at = list(cyl = c(4,6,8)))

# summarize model fit with tidiers

# marginal effects of one interaction variable (here: wt), modulated at 
# specific values of the two other interaction variables (here: cyl and drat)
marg_ie2 <- margins(mod_ie,
                    variables = "wt",
                    at = list(cyl = c(4,6,8), drat = c(3, 3.5, 4)))

# summarize model fit with tidiers

broom documentation built on Aug. 30, 2022, 1:07 a.m.