wrappednormal: Wrapped Normal Density Function

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References Examples

Description

Density, and random generation for the wrapped normal circular distribution.

Usage

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
rwrappednormal(n, mu = circular(0), rho = NULL, sd = 1, 
  control.circular = list())
dwrappednormal(x, mu = circular(0), rho = NULL, sd = 1, 
  K = NULL, min.k = 10)
pwrappednormal(q, mu = circular(0), rho = NULL, sd = 1, 
  from = NULL, K = NULL, min.k = 10, ...)
qwrappednormal(p, mu = circular(0), rho = NULL, sd = 1, 
  from = NULL, K = NULL, min.k = 10, tol = .Machine$double.eps^(0.6), 
  control.circular = list(), ...)

Arguments

x, q

vector of quantiles. The object is coerced to class circular.

p

vector of probabilities.

n

number of observations.

mu

mean direction of the distribution as a circular object.

rho

concentration parameter of the distribution. rho must be in the interval from 0 to 1.

sd

standard deviation of the (unwrapped) normal distribution.

from

if NULL is set to mu-pi. This is the value from which the pwrappednormal and qwrappednormal are evaluated. It should be a circular object.

K

number of terms to be used in approximating the density.

min.k

minimum number of terms used in approximating the density.

tol

passed to uniroot.

control.circular

the attribute of the resulting object.

...

parameters passed to integrate.

Value

dwrappednormal gives the density and rwrappednormal generates random deviates, pwrappednormal gives the distribution function, and qwrappednormal provides quantiles.

Author(s)

Claudio Agostinelli and Ulric Lund

References

Jammalamadaka, S. Rao and SenGupta, A. (2001). Topics in Circular Statistics, Section 2.2.7, World Scientific Press, Singapore.

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
data1 <- rwrappednormal(100, mu=circular(0), rho=0.7, 
  control.circular=list(units="degrees"))
plot(data1)

ff <- function(x) dwrappednormal(x, mu=circular(pi), rho=0.7)
curve.circular(ff, join=TRUE, xlim=c(-1.5, 1), 
  main="Density of a Wrapped Normal Distribution \n mu=pi, rho=0.7")

ff <- function(x) pwrappednormal(x, mu=circular(pi), rho=0.7)
curve.circular(ff, join=FALSE, xlim=c(-2, 2), ylim=c(-2, 2), 
  to=(2*pi-3*.Machine$double.eps), modulo="asis", nosort=TRUE, 
  main="Probability of a Wrapped Normal Distribution \n mu=pi, 
  rho=0.7, from=0")

ff <- function(x) pwrappednormal(x, mu=circular(pi), rho=0.7, from=circular(pi))
curve.circular(ff, join=FALSE, xlim=c(-2, 2), ylim=c(-2, 2), from=-pi, 
  to=(pi-3*.Machine$double.eps), modulo="asis", nosort=TRUE, 
  main="Probability of a Wrapped Normal Distribution \n mu=pi, 
  rho=0.7, from=pi")

plot(qwrappednormal, from=0, to=1)
plot(function(x) qwrappednormal(p=x, mu=circular(pi)), from=0, to=1)

circular documentation built on May 1, 2019, 7:57 p.m.