R/lvq.R

Defines functions lvqtest lvq3 lvq2 lvq1 olvq1 lvqinit

Documented in lvq1 lvq2 lvq3 lvqinit lvqtest olvq1

# file nnet/R/lvq.R
# copyright (C) 1994-9 W. N. Venables and B. D. Ripley
#
#  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 or 3 of the License
#  (at your option).
#
#  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#  GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#  A copy of the GNU General Public License is available at
#  http://www.r-project.org/Licenses/
#
#
lvqinit <- function(x, cl, size, prior, k=5)
{
    x <- as.matrix(x)
    n <- nrow(x)
    p <- ncol(x)
    if(length(cl) != n) stop("'x' and 'cl' have different lengths")
    g <- as.factor(cl)
    if(any(is.na(x)) || any(is.na(g)))
        stop("no missing values are allowed")
    counts <- tapply(rep(1, length(g)), g, sum)
    prop <- counts/n
    np <- length(prop)
    # allow for supplied prior
    if(missing(prior)) prior <- prop
    else if(any(prior <0)||round(sum(prior), 5) != 1)
        stop("invalid 'prior'")
    if(length(prior) != np) stop("'prior' is of incorrect length")
    if(missing(size)) size <- min(round(0.4 * np * (np-1+p/2),0), n)
    inside <- knn.cv(x, cl, k) == cl
    selected <- numeric(0)
    for(i in 1L:np){
        set <- seq_along(g)[unclass(g)==i & inside]
        if(length(set) > 1L)
            set <- sample(set, min(length(set), round(size*prior[i])))
        selected <- c(selected, set)
    }
    list(x = x[selected, , drop=FALSE], cl = cl[selected])
}

olvq1 <- function(x, cl, codebk, niter = 40*nrow(codebk$x), alpha = 0.3)
{
    x <- as.matrix(x)
    if(any(is.na(x)) || any(is.na(cl)))
        stop("no missing values are allowed")
    n <- nrow(x)
    p <- ncol(x)
    nc <- dim(codebk$x)[1L]
    if(length(cl) != n) stop("'x' and 'cl' have different lengths")
    iters <- sample(n, niter, TRUE)
    z <- .C(VR_olvq,
            as.double(alpha),
            as.integer(n),
            as.integer(p),
            as.double(x),
            as.integer(unclass(cl)),
            as.integer(nc),
            xc = as.double(codebk$x),
            as.integer(codebk$cl),
            as.integer(niter),
            as.integer(iters-1L)
            )
    xc <- matrix(z$xc,nc,p)
    dimnames(xc) <- dimnames(codebk$x)
    list(x = xc, cl = codebk$cl)
}

lvq1 <- function(x, cl, codebk, niter = 100*nrow(codebk$x), alpha = 0.03)
{
    x <- as.matrix(x)
    if(any(is.na(x)) || any(is.na(cl)))
        stop("no missing values are allowed")
    n <- nrow(x)
    p <- ncol(x)
    nc <- dim(codebk$x)[1L]
    if(length(cl) != n) stop("'x' and 'cl' have different lengths")
    iters <- sample(n, niter, TRUE)
    z <- .C(VR_lvq1,
            as.double(alpha),
            as.integer(n),
            as.integer(p),
            as.double(x),
            as.integer(unclass(cl)),
            as.integer(nc),
            xc = as.double(codebk$x),
            as.integer(codebk$cl),
            as.integer(niter),
            as.integer(iters-1L)
            )
    xc <- matrix(z$xc,nc,p)
    dimnames(xc) <- dimnames(codebk$x)
    list(x = xc, cl = codebk$cl)
}

lvq2 <- function(x, cl, codebk, niter = 100*nrow(codebk$x),
                 alpha = 0.03, win = 0.3)
{
    x <- as.matrix(x)
    if(any(is.na(x)) || any(is.na(cl)))
        stop("no missing values are allowed")
    n <- nrow(x)
    p <- ncol(x)
    nc <- dim(codebk$x)[1L]
    if(length(cl) != n) stop("'x' and 'cl' have different lengths")
    iters <- sample(n, niter, TRUE)
    z <- .C(VR_lvq2,
            as.double(alpha),
            as.double(win),
            as.integer(n),
            as.integer(p),
            as.double(x),
            as.integer(unclass(cl)),
            as.integer(nc),
            xc = as.double(codebk$x),
            as.integer(codebk$cl),
            as.integer(niter),
            as.integer(iters-1L)
            )
    xc <- matrix(z$xc,nc,p)
    dimnames(xc) <- dimnames(codebk$x)
    list(x = xc, cl = codebk$cl)
}

lvq3 <- function(x, cl, codebk, niter = 100*nrow(codebk$x),
                 alpha = 0.03, win = 0.3, epsilon = 0.1)
{
    x <- as.matrix(x)
    if(any(is.na(x)) || any(is.na(cl)))
        stop("no missing values are allowed")
    n <- nrow(x)
    p <- ncol(x)
    nc <- dim(codebk$x)[1L]
    if(length(cl) != n) stop("'x' and 'cl' have different lengths")
    iters <- sample(n, niter, TRUE)
    z <- .C(VR_lvq3,
            as.double(alpha),
            as.double(win),
            as.double(epsilon),
            as.integer(n),
            as.integer(p),
            as.double(x),
            as.integer(unclass(cl)),
            as.integer(nc),
            xc = as.double(codebk$x),
            as.integer(codebk$cl),
            as.integer(niter),
            as.integer(iters-1L)
            )
    xc <- matrix(z$xc,nc,p)
    dimnames(xc) <- dimnames(codebk$x)
    list(x = xc, cl = codebk$cl)
}

lvqtest <- function(codebk, test) knn1(codebk$x, test, codebk$cl)

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class documentation built on Jan. 13, 2022, 9:07 a.m.