These data come from the first systematic panel study on voting, conducted by Lazarsfeld and his associates in Erie County, Ohio in 1940 (Lazersfeld et al, 1948; Lazarsfeld, 1972, Wiggins, 1973, Hagenaars, 1993). The data are presented in Table 6.3 and refer to the variables A – Party preference at time 1 – August 1940 (1.\ Republican 2.\ Democrat), B – Presidential Candidate preference at time 1 (1.\ for Willkie 2.\ against Willkie), C – Party preference at time 2 – October 1940, and D – Presidential Candidate preference at time 2. Wendell Willkie was the (defeated) 1940 Republican presidential candidate running against the Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Section 6.3 in Bergsma, Croon, and Hagenaars (2009)
A data frame with 266 observations on the following variables.
Party Preference T1 (August 1940): 1 = Democrat; 2 = Republican;
Candidate Preference T1 (August 1940): 1 = for Willkie; 2 = against Willkie;
Party Preference T2 (October 1940): 1 = Democrat; 2 = Republican;
Candidate Preference T2 (October 1940): 1 = for Willkie; 2 = against Willkie;
CBS News and New York Times 2001.
Bergsma, W. P., Croon, M. A., & Hagenaars, J. A. P. (2009). Marginal models for dependent, clustered, and longitudinal categorical data. Berlin: Springer
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