Photon Counting"

This colorSpec vignette is a response to the question:

Is there any program that given the lumen and the colour spectrum (relative intensity at any wavelength) of a light source and it outputs the total amount of photons per wavelength?

that was asked on a stackexchange forum, see @174314. Featured functions in this vignette are: actinometric() and photometric().

library( colorSpec )

Read Relative Radiant Power and Scale to Specified Luminous Flux

Read the SPD for a domestic LED bulb from the Lamp Spectral Power Distribution Database, see @LSPDD. The unique ID is LED_A19_dim_domestic-use_softwhite-color_CREE-brand_6W_120V_75Lum_2700K_bernard.

wave = 275:899
path = system.file( "extdata/sources/Cree-LED.txt", package="colorSpec" )
bulb = readSpectra( path, wavelength=wave )
par( omi=c(0,0,0,0), mai=c(0.6,0.8,0.1,0.1) )
plot( bulb, main='' )

The energy unit is unknown. But it does not matter, because we are now going to scale so that the luminous flux of the SPD is 75 lumens, as specified by the manufacturer.

luminous.flux = photometric( bulb ) ; luminous.flux

The unit is lumen, but the first one - photopic1924 - is the appropriate official standard. Scale spectrum to have 75 lumens.

bulb = multiply( bulb, 75/luminous.flux[1] ) ; bulb
#   check that the luminous flux is now 75 lumens
photometric( bulb )

From the man page for photometric() we know that the unit for bulb is $\textrm{watt} * \textrm{nm}^{-1}$.

par( omi=c(0,0,0,0), mai=c(0.6,0.95,0.1,0.1) )
ylab = expression( 'Radiant Power'  ~~~  '[watt * ' ~ nm^-1 ~ ']' )
plot( bulb, main='', ylab=ylab )

Convert from an Energy-Based to a Photon-Based Spectrum

The unit is currently energy-based (energy of photons, aka radiometric), but we need photon-based (number of photons, aka actinometric). From the man page for actinometric() we know that the output unit is $\mu \textrm{mole} * \textrm{sec}^{-1} * \textrm{nm}^{-1}$.

bulb = actinometric( bulb )
par( omi=c(0,0,0,0), mai=c(0.6,0.9,0.1,0.1) )
ylab = expression( 'Photon Flux'  ~~~  '[' ~ mu ~ 'mole * ' ~ sec^-1 ~ nm^-1 ~ ']'  )
plot( bulb, main='', ylab=ylab )

This plot looks similar but note that $\lambda_{max}$ has moved slightly higher. For the total number of photons/sec from this bulb, compute the integral over $\lambda$.


So the total photon flux of the bulb is $1.102559 ~ \mu \textrm{mole/sec}$. To convert this to exaphotons, multiply by $0.602214 ~ \textrm{exaphotons/} (\mu \textrm{mole of photons} )$ to get $0.663976 ~ \textrm{exaphotons/sec}$.


Session Information


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colorSpec documentation built on April 2, 2018, 5:05 p.m.