R/theme_fun.R

Defines functions theme_clean theme_ds4psy theme_empty

Documented in theme_clean theme_ds4psy theme_empty

## theme_fun.R | ds4psy
## hn | uni.kn | 2021 05 09 
## ---------------------------

## Functions for ggplot2 themes. 

## Themes: ---------- 

# theme_empty: An empty/blank ggplot2 theme ------ 

#' A basic and flexible plot theme (using ggplot2 and unikn).
#'
#' \code{theme_empty} provides an empty (blank) theme 
#' to use in \bold{ggplot2} commands. 
#' 
#' \code{theme_empty} shows nothing but the plot panel.
#' 
#' \code{theme_empty} is based on 
#' \code{theme_nothing} of the \bold{cowplot} package 
#' and uses  
#' \code{theme_void} of the \bold{ggplot2} package.  
#' 
#' @param font_size Overall font size. 
#' Default: \code{font_size = 12}.
#' 
#' @param font_family Base font family.
#' Default: \code{font_family = ""}.
#' 
#' @param rel_small Relative size of smaller text. 
#' Default: \code{rel_small = 10/12}. 
#' 
#' @param plot_mar Plot margin sizes (on top, right, bottom, left). 
#' Default: \code{plot_mar = c(0, 0, 0, 0)} (in lines).  
#' 
#' @return A \bold{ggplot2} theme. 
#' 
#' @examples
#' 
#' \donttest{
#' 
#' # Plotting iris dataset (using ggplot2):
#'
#' library('ggplot2')  # theme_empty() requires ggplot2
#'    
#' ggplot(datasets::iris) +
#'   geom_point(aes(x = Petal.Length, y = Petal.Width, color = Species), size = 4, alpha = 1/2) +
#'   scale_color_manual(values = c("firebrick3", "deepskyblue3", "olivedrab3")) +
#'   labs(title = "NOT SHOWN: Title",
#'        subtitle = "NOT SHOWN: Subtitle", 
#'        caption = "NOT SHOWN: Data from datasets::iris") +
#'   theme_empty(plot_mar = c(2, 0, 1, 0))  # margin lines (top, right, bot, left)
#' 
#' }
#'   
#' @family plot functions
#'
#' @seealso
#' \code{cowplot::theme_nothing} is the inspiration and source of this theme. 
#' 
#' @import ggplot2
#' @import datasets
#' 
#' @export

theme_empty <- function(font_size = 12, 
                        font_family = "", 
                        rel_small = 12/14,
                        plot_mar = c(0, 0, 0, 0)  # plot margins (on top, right, bottom, left, in lines)  
){ # base on ggplot2::theme_void() in case the underlying ggplot2 code changes: 
  ggplot2::theme_void(base_size = font_size, base_family = font_family) %+replace%
    theme(#
      # Elements in this block are not used directly, but inherited:
      line = element_blank(),
      rect = element_blank(),
      text = element_text(
        family = font_family, face = "plain",
        color = "black", size = font_size,
        lineheight = 0.9, hjust = 0.5, vjust = 0.5, angle = 0,
        margin = margin(), debug = FALSE
      ),
      
      # axis: 
      axis.line =          element_blank(),
      axis.line.x =        NULL,
      axis.line.y =        NULL,
      axis.text =          element_blank(),
      axis.text.x =        NULL,
      axis.text.x.top =    NULL,
      axis.text.y =        NULL,
      axis.text.y.right =  NULL,
      axis.ticks =         element_blank(),
      axis.ticks.length =  unit(0, "pt"),
      axis.title =         element_blank(),
      axis.title.x =       NULL,
      axis.title.x.top =   NULL,
      axis.title.y =       NULL,
      axis.title.y.right = NULL,
      
      # legend: 
      legend.background =  element_blank(),
      legend.spacing =     unit(font_size, "pt"),
      legend.spacing.x =   NULL,
      legend.spacing.y =   NULL,
      legend.margin =      margin(0, 0, 0, 0),
      legend.key =         element_blank(),
      legend.key.size =    unit(1.1 * font_size, "pt"),
      legend.key.height =  NULL,
      legend.key.width =   NULL,
      legend.text =        element_text(size = rel(rel_small)),
      legend.text.align =  NULL,
      legend.title =       element_text(hjust = 0),
      legend.title.align = NULL,
      legend.position =    "none",
      legend.direction =   NULL,
      legend.justification = "center",
      legend.box =         NULL,
      legend.box.margin =  margin(0, 0, 0, 0),
      legend.box.background = element_blank(),
      legend.box.spacing = unit(font_size, "pt"),
      
      # panel: 
      panel.background =   element_blank(),
      panel.border =       element_blank(),
      panel.grid =         element_blank(),
      panel.grid.major =   NULL,
      panel.grid.minor =   NULL,
      panel.spacing =      unit(font_size / 2, "pt"),
      panel.spacing.x =    NULL,
      panel.spacing.y =    NULL,
      panel.ontop =        FALSE, 
      
      # strip: 
      strip.background =   element_blank(),
      strip.text =         element_blank(),
      strip.text.x =       NULL,
      strip.text.y =       NULL,
      strip.placement =    "inside",
      strip.placement.x =  NULL,
      strip.placement.y =  NULL,
      strip.switch.pad.grid = unit(0., "cm"),
      strip.switch.pad.wrap = unit(0., "cm"),
      
      # plot: 
      plot.background =    element_blank(),
      plot.title =         element_blank(),
      plot.subtitle =      element_blank(),
      plot.caption =       element_blank(),
      plot.tag =           element_text(face = "bold", 
                                        hjust = 0, vjust = 0.7),
      plot.tag.position = c(0, 1), 
      # plot.margin =       margin(0, 0, 0, 0),
      plot.margin = unit(plot_mar, "lines"),  # plot margins (top, right, bottom, left)  
      
      # note:   
      complete = TRUE
    )
} # theme_empty(). 


# theme_ds4psy: A clean and flexible ggplot2 theme ------ 

#' A basic and flexible plot theme (using ggplot2 and unikn).
#'
#' \code{theme_ds4psy} provides a generic \bold{ds4psy} theme 
#' to use in \bold{ggplot2} commands. 
#' 
#' The theme is lightweight and no-nonsense, but somewhat 
#' opinionated (e.g., in using transparency and grid lines, 
#' and relying on grey tones for emphasizing data with color accents). 
#' 
#' Basic sizes and the colors of text elements, 
#' backgrounds, and lines can be specified. 
#' However, excessive customization rarely yields aesthetic improvements 
#' over the standard \strong{ggplot2} themes. 
#' 
#' @param base_size Base font size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_size = 11}. 
#' 
#' @param base_family Base font family (optional, character). 
#' Default: \code{base_family = ""}. 
#' Options include \code{"mono"}, \code{"sans"} (default), and "serif". 
#' 
#' @param base_line_size Base line size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_line_size = base_size/22}. 
#' 
#' @param base_rect_size Base rectangle size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_rect_size = base_size/22}. 
#' 
#' @param col_title Color of plot title (and tag). 
#' Default: \code{col_title = grey(.0, 1)} (i.e., "black").  
#' 
#' @param col_txt_1 Color of primary text (headings and axis labels).  
#' Default: \code{col_title = grey(.1, 1)}. 
#' 
#' @param col_txt_2 Color of secondary text (caption, legend, axes labels/ticks). 
#' Default: \code{col_title = grey(.2, 1)}.  
#' 
#' @param col_txt_3 Color of other text (facet strip labels).  
#' Default: \code{col_title = grey(.1, 1)}. 
#' 
#' @param col_bgrnd Color of plot background.  
#' Default: \code{col_bgrnd = "transparent"}. 
#' 
#' @param col_panel Color of panel background(s).  
#' Default: \code{col_panel = grey(1.0, 1)} (i.e., "white"). 
#'  
#' @param col_strip Color of facet strips. 
#' Default: \code{col_strip = "transparent"}. 
#' 
#' @param col_axes Color of (x and y) axes. 
#' Default: \code{col_axes = grey(.00, 1)} (i.e., "black"). 
#' 
#' @param col_gridx Color of (major and minor) panel lines (through x/vertical). 
#' Default: \code{col_gridx = grey(.75, 1)} (i.e., light "grey"). 
#' 
#' @param col_gridy Color of (major and minor) panel lines (through y/horizontal). 
#' Default: \code{col_gridy = grey(.75, 1)} (i.e., light "grey"). 
#' 
#' @param col_brdrs Color of (panel and strip) borders. 
#' Default: \code{col_brdrs = "transparent"}. 
#' 
#' @return A \bold{ggplot2} theme.
#' 
#' @examples
#' 
#' \donttest{
#' 
#' # Plotting iris dataset (using ggplot2 and unikn):
#'
#' library('ggplot2')  # theme_ds4psy() requires ggplot2
#' library('unikn')    # for colors and usecol() function
#'    
#' ggplot(datasets::iris) +
#'   geom_jitter(aes(x = Petal.Length, y = Petal.Width, color = Species), size = 3, alpha = 2/3) +
#'   scale_color_manual(values = usecol(pal = c(Pinky, Seeblau, Seegruen))) +
#'   labs(title = "Iris petals",
#'        subtitle = "The subtitle of this plot", 
#'        caption = "Data from datasets::iris") +
#'   theme_ds4psy()
#' 
#' ggplot(datasets::iris) +
#'   geom_jitter(aes(x = Sepal.Length, y = Sepal.Width, color = Species), size = 3, alpha = 2/3) +
#'   facet_wrap(~Species) +
#'   scale_color_manual(values = usecol(pal = c(Pinky, Seeblau, Seegruen))) +
#'   labs(tag = "A",
#'        title = "Iris sepals",
#'        subtitle = "Demo plot with facets and default colors", 
#'        caption = "Data from datasets::iris") + 
#'   coord_fixed(ratio = 3/2) + 
#'   theme_ds4psy()
#' 
#' # A unikn::Seeblau look:
#' 
#' ggplot(datasets::iris) +
#'   geom_jitter(aes(x = Sepal.Length, y = Sepal.Width, color = Species), size = 3, alpha = 2/3) +
#'   facet_wrap(~Species) +
#'   scale_color_manual(values = usecol(pal = c(Pinky, Seeblau, Seegruen))) +
#'   labs(tag = "B",
#'        title = "Iris sepals",
#'        subtitle = "Demo plot in unikn::Seeblau colors", 
#'        caption = "Data from datasets::iris") + 
#'   coord_fixed(ratio = 3/2) + 
#'   theme_ds4psy(col_title = pal_seeblau[[4]], col_strip = pal_seeblau[[1]], col_brdrs = Grau)
#' 
#' }
#'
#' @family plot functions
#'
#' @seealso
#' \code{unikn::theme_unikn} inspired the current theme. 
#' 
#' @import ggplot2
#' @import unikn
#' @import datasets
#' 
#' @export

theme_ds4psy <- function(base_size = 11, 
                         base_family = "", 
                         base_line_size = base_size/22, 
                         base_rect_size = base_size/22,
                         col_title = grey(.0, 1),   # (main title) "black" OR unikn::pal_seeblau[[4]], 
                         col_txt_1 = grey(.1, 1),   # (subtitle, headings, and axis labels)
                         col_txt_2 = grey(.2, 1),   # (legend and axis text/ticks)
                         col_txt_3 = grey(.1, 1),   # (labels of facet strips)
                         col_bgrnd = "transparent", # (main background):  grey(1, 1) OR "white"
                         col_panel = grey(1.0, 1),  # (panel background): grey(1, 1) OR "white"
                         col_strip = "transparent", # (strip background): "transparent" OR grey(.95, 1)/light "grey"
                         col_axes  = grey(0.0, 1),  # (axes): grey(0, 1) OR "black"
                         # col_grids = grey(.75, 1),  # (grid lines): grey(.50, 1) OR light "grey"
                         col_gridx = grey(.75, 1),  # (grid lines through x): grey(.75, 1) OR light "grey"
                         col_gridy = grey(.75, 1),  # (grid lines through y): grey(.75, 1) OR light "grey"
                         col_brdrs = "transparent"  # (panel and strip borders): "transparent" OR grey(.05, 1)/nearly "black" 
){ # base on ggplot2::theme_bw() in case the underlying ggplot2 code changes: 
  ggplot2::theme_bw(base_size = base_size, 
                    base_family = base_family, 
                    base_line_size = base_line_size, 
                    base_rect_size = base_rect_size) %+replace% 
    ggplot2::theme(#
      # titles: 
      title = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_title, face = "bold", 
                                    margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 10, r = 4, b = 4, l = 4, unit = "pt")), 
      plot.subtitle = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_1, face = "plain", hjust = 0,
                                            margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 2, r = 4, b = 8, l = 4, unit = "pt")),  
      plot.caption  = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_2, face = "plain", size = ggplot2::rel(.80), hjust = 1), 
      
      # axes:
      axis.line =  ggplot2::element_line(color = col_axes, size = ggplot2::rel(1.1)), 
      axis.title = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_1), 
      axis.text =  ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_2, size = ggplot2::rel(.90)), 
      axis.ticks = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_txt_2, size = ggplot2::rel(.80)), 
      
      # legend: 
      legend.title = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_1), 
      legend.text = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_2), 
      legend.background = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      legend.key = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      
      # strip: 
      # strip.background = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      strip.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = col_strip, color = col_brdrs, size = ggplot2::rel(1.0)), 
      strip.text = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_txt_3, size = ggplot2::rel(1.0), 
                                         margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 4, r = 4, b = 4, l = 4, unit = "pt")), 
      # panel: 
      # panel.border = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      panel.border = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = "transparent", color = col_brdrs, linetype = "solid", 
                                           size = ggplot2::rel(1.0)),
      # grid lines: 
      # panel.grid = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      #
      # panel.grid.major = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_grids, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), 
      panel.grid.major.x = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridx, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), 
      panel.grid.major.y = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridy, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), 
      #
      # panel.grid.minor = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_grids, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), # "dotted"/"solid"
      panel.grid.minor.x = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridx, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), # "dotted"/"solid"      
      panel.grid.minor.y = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridy, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.40)), # "dotted"/"solid"
      #
      # panel.background = ggplot2::element_blank(),  # no panel background 
      panel.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = col_panel, color = NA), # panel background 
      # background:  
      plot.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = col_bgrnd, color = NA),  # main background
      
      # note:
      complete = TRUE)
  
} # theme_ds4psy(). 


# theme_grau: Alternative theme for ggplot2 ------ 

#' A clean alternative theme for ggplot2.  
#' 
#' \code{theme_clean} provides an alternative \bold{ds4psy} theme 
#' to use in \bold{ggplot2} commands. 
#' 
#' \code{theme_clean} is more minimal than \code{\link{theme_ds4psy}} 
#' and fills panel backgrounds with a color \code{col_panel}. 
#' 
#' This theme works well for plots with multiple panels, 
#' strong colors and bright color accents, 
#' but is of limited use with transparent colors. 
#' 
#' @param base_size Base font size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_size = 11}. 
#' 
#' @param base_family Base font family (optional, character). 
#' Default: \code{base_family = ""}. 
#' Options include \code{"mono"}, \code{"sans"} (default), and "serif". 
#' 
#' @param base_line_size Base line size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_line_size = base_size/22}. 
#' 
#' @param base_rect_size Base rectangle size (optional, numeric). 
#' Default: \code{base_rect_size = base_size/22}. 
#' 
#' @param col_title Color of plot title (and tag). 
#' Default: \code{col_title = grey(.0, 1)} (i.e., "black"). 
#' 
#' @param col_panel Color of panel background(s). 
#' Default: \code{col_panel = grey(.85, 1)} (i.e., light "grey"). 
#' 
#' @param col_gridx Color of (major) panel lines (through x/vertical). 
#' Default: \code{col_gridx = grey(1.0, 1)} (i.e., "white"). 
#' 
#' @param col_gridy Color of (major) panel lines (through y/horizontal). 
#' Default: \code{col_gridy = grey(1.0, 1)} (i.e., "white"). 
#' 
#' @param col_ticks Color of axes text and ticks. 
#' Default: \code{col_ticks = grey(.10, 1)} (i.e., near "black").
#'  
#' @return A \bold{ggplot2} theme.
#' 
#' @examples
#' 
#' \donttest{
#' # Plotting iris dataset (using ggplot2, theme_grau, and unikn colors):
#'   
#' library('ggplot2')  # theme_clean() requires ggplot2
#' library('unikn')    # for colors and usecol() function
#'    
#' ggplot(datasets::iris) +
#'   geom_jitter(aes(x = Sepal.Length, y = Sepal.Width, color = Species), size = 3, alpha = 3/4) +
#'   facet_wrap(~Species) +
#'   scale_color_manual(values = usecol(pal = c(Pinky, Karpfenblau, Seegruen))) +
#'   labs(tag = "B",
#'        title = "Iris sepals",
#'        caption = "Data from datasets::iris") + 
#'   coord_fixed(ratio = 3/2) + 
#'   theme_clean()
#' 
#' }
#' 
#' @family plot functions
#' 
#' @seealso 
#' \code{\link{theme_ds4psy}} for default theme. 
#' 
#' @import ggplot2 
#'                          
#' @export 

# - Definition: ---- 

theme_clean <- function(base_size = 11, 
                        base_family = "", 
                        base_line_size = base_size/22, 
                        base_rect_size = base_size/22,
                        col_title = grey(0.0, 1),  # (main title): "black" OR unikn::pal_seeblau[[4]], 
                        col_panel = grey(.85, 1),  # (panel background): grey(.85, 1) OR light "grey"
                        # col_grids = grey(1.0, 1),  # (panel lines, major): grey(1, 1) or "white"
                        col_gridx = grey(1.0, 1),  # (grid lines through x): grey(.75, 1) OR "grey"
                        col_gridy = grey(1.0, 1),  # (grid lines through y): grey(.75, 1) OR "grey"
                        col_ticks = grey(.10, 1)   # (axis text and ticks): grey(.10, 1) OR "black"
){ # base on ggplot2::theme_bw() in case the underlying ggplot2 code changes: 
  ggplot2::theme_bw(base_size = base_size, 
                    base_family = base_family, 
                    base_line_size = base_line_size, 
                    base_rect_size = base_rect_size) %+replace% 
    ggplot2::theme(#
      # titles: 
      title = ggplot2::element_text(color = col_title, face = "bold",
                                    margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 10, r = 4, b = 4, l = 4, unit = "pt")), 
      plot.subtitle = ggplot2::element_text(color = grey(.10, 1), face = "plain", hjust = 0,
                                            margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 2, r = 4, b = 8, l = 4, unit = "pt")), 
      plot.caption = ggplot2::element_text(color =  grey(.20, 1), face = "plain", size = ggplot2::rel(.80), hjust = 1), 
      
      # axis:
      axis.line =  ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      # axis.line =  ggplot2::element_line(color = "black", size = ggplot2::rel(1)), 
      # axis.ticks = ggplot2::element_line(color = "black"), 
      axis.ticks = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_ticks), 
      axis.title = ggplot2::element_text(color = grey(.20, 1)), 
      axis.text =  ggplot2::element_text(color = col_ticks, size = ggplot2::rel(.90)), 
      
      # legend: 
      legend.title = ggplot2::element_text(color = grey(.20, 1)), 
      legend.text =  ggplot2::element_text(color = grey(.10, 1), size = ggplot2::rel(.95)), 
      legend.background = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      legend.key = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      
      # strip: 
      # strip.background = ggplot2::element_blank(),
      # strip.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = pal_seeblau[[1]], color = pal_seeblau[[5]], size = ggplot2::rel(5/3)), 
      # strip.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = grey(.90, 1), color = grey(.90, 1), size = ggplot2::rel(6/3)), 
      strip.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = "transparent", color = NA, size = ggplot2::rel(1.0)),  # transparent strip 
      strip.text = ggplot2::element_text(color = grey(0, 1), size = ggplot2::rel(.95), 
                                         margin = ggplot2::margin(t = 4, r = 4, b = 4, l = 4, unit = "pt")), 
      # panel border: 
      panel.border = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      # panel.border = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = "transparent", color = grey(.10, 1), linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(2/3)), 
      # panel background: 
      # panel.background = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      panel.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = col_panel, color = col_panel), # panel background
      
      # grid lines:
      # panel.grid = ggplot2::element_blank(), 
      # panel.grid.major = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_grids, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.90)), # major grid lines
      panel.grid.major.x = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridx, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.90)), # major grid through x
      panel.grid.major.y = ggplot2::element_line(color = col_gridy, linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(.90)), # major grid through y
      panel.grid.minor = ggplot2::element_blank(), # no minor grid lines 
      # panel.grid.minor = ggplot2::element_line(color = grey(.95, 1), linetype = "solid", size = ggplot2::rel(2/3)), 
      
      # background:  
      plot.background = ggplot2::element_rect(fill = "transparent", color = NA), 
      # note: 
      complete = TRUE)
  
} # theme_clean().  


## ToDo: ----------

# - Create an artsy/minimalist theme (e.g., theme_expo/theme_gallery), 
#   (based on mixing theme_bw/theme_minimal/theme_void), that 
#   - allows titles/caption/legend (like theme_void), but moves subtitle to bottom left,  
#   - setting the size of panel margins (like theme_empty), 
#   - and drawing a small border around panel or plot (like theme_ds4psy, unlike theme_empty). 

## eof. ----------------------

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ds4psy documentation built on May 12, 2021, 9:07 a.m.