distGeo  R Documentation 
Highly accurate estimate of the shortest distance between two points on an ellipsoid (default is WGS84 ellipsoid). The shortest path between two points on an ellipsoid is called the geodesic.
distGeo(p1, p2, a=6378137, f=1/298.257223563)
p1 
longitude/latitude of point(s). Can be a vector of two numbers, a matrix of 2 columns (first column is longitude, second column is latitude) or a SpatialPoints* object 
p2 
as above; or missing, in which case the sequential distance between the points in p1 is computed 
a 
numeric. Major (equatorial) radius of the ellipsoid. The default value is for WGS84 
f 
numeric. Ellipsoid flattening. The default value is for WGS84 
Parameters from the WGS84 ellipsoid are used by default. It is the best available global ellipsoid, but for some areas other ellipsoids could be preferable, or even necessary if you work with a printed map that refers to that ellipsoid. Here are parameters for some commonly used ellipsoids. Also see the refEllipsoids
function.
ellipsoid  a  f 

WGS84  6378137  1/298.257223563 

GRS80  6378137  1/298.257222101 

GRS67  6378160  1/298.25 

Airy 1830  6377563.396  1/299.3249646 

Bessel 1841  6377397.155  1/299.1528434 

Clarke 1880  6378249.145  1/293.465 

Clarke 1866  6378206.4  1/294.9786982 

International 1924  6378388  1/297 

Krasovsky 1940  6378245  1/298.2997381 

more info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reference_ellipsoid
Vector of distances in meters
This function calls GeographicLib code by C.F.F. Karney
C.F.F. Karney, 2013. Algorithms for geodesics, J. Geodesy 87: 4355. doi: 10.1007/s001900120578z. Addenda: https://geographiclib.sourceforge.io/geodaddenda.html. Also see https://geographiclib.sourceforge.io/
distCosine, distHaversine, distVincentySphere, distVincentyEllipsoid, distMeeus
distGeo(c(0,0),c(90,90))
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