aes_linetype_size_shape: Differentiation related aesthetics: linetype, size, shape

aes_linetype_size_shapeR Documentation

Differentiation related aesthetics: linetype, size, shape

Description

The linetype, size, and shape aesthetics modify the appearance of lines and/or points. They also apply to the outlines of polygons (linetype and size) or to text (size).

The linetype aesthetic can be specified with either an integer (0-6), a name (0 = blank, 1 = solid, 2 = dashed, 3 = dotted, 4 = dotdash, 5 = longdash, 6 = twodash), a mapping to a discrete variable, or a string of an even number (up to eight) of hexadecimal digits which give the lengths in consecutive positions in the string. See examples for a hex string demonstration.

The size aesthetic can be specified with a numerical value (in millimetres) or via a mapping to a continuous variable.

The shape aesthetic can be specified with an integer (between 0 and 25), a single character (which uses that character as the plotting symbol), a . to draw the smallest rectangle that is visible (i.e., about one pixel), an NA to draw nothing, or a mapping to a discrete variable. Symbols and filled shapes are described in the examples below.

See Also

  • geom_line() and geom_point() for geoms commonly used with these aesthetics.

  • aes_group_order() for using linetype, size, or shape for grouping.

  • Run vignette("ggplot2-specs") to see an overview of other aesthestics that can be modified.

Examples


df <- data.frame(x = 1:10 , y = 1:10)
p <- ggplot(df, aes(x, y))
p + geom_line(linetype = 2)
p + geom_line(linetype = "dotdash")

# An example with hex strings; the string "33" specifies three units on followed
# by three off and "3313" specifies three units on followed by three off followed
# by one on and finally three off.
p + geom_line(linetype = "3313")

# Mapping line type from a grouping variable
ggplot(economics_long, aes(date, value01)) +
  geom_line(aes(linetype = variable))

# Size examples
p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(wt, mpg))
p + geom_point(size = 4)
p + geom_point(aes(size = qsec))
p + geom_point(size = 2.5) +
  geom_hline(yintercept = 25, size = 3.5)

# Shape examples
p + geom_point()
p + geom_point(shape = 5)
p + geom_point(shape = "k", size = 3)
p + geom_point(shape = ".")
p + geom_point(shape = NA)
p + geom_point(aes(shape = factor(cyl)))

# A look at all 25 symbols
df2 <- data.frame(x = 1:5 , y = 1:25, z = 1:25)
p <- ggplot(df2, aes(x, y))
p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4) +
  scale_shape_identity()
# While all symbols have a foreground colour, symbols 19-25 also take a
# background colour (fill)
p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4, colour = "Red") +
  scale_shape_identity()
p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4, colour = "Red", fill = "Black") +
  scale_shape_identity()

ggplot2 documentation built on May 3, 2022, 9:07 a.m.