Species response curves

Description

This function fits species response curves to visalize a species response to environmental gradients or ordination axes. It is based on Logistic Regression using Generalised Linear Models (GLMs) or Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) with integrated smoothness estimation. For drawing multiple curves into one plot use specresponses.

Usage

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specresponse(species, var, main, xlab, model = "unimodal", method = "env",
  axis = 1)

Arguments

species

Vector containing species abundances (per plot).

var

Vector containing environmental variable (per plot) OR vegan ordination result object if method = "ord".

main

Optional: Main title.

xlab

Optional: Label of x-axis.

model

Defining the assumed species response: Default method = "unimodal" fits a unimodal response. Other methods are method = "linear" (linear response), method = "bimodal" (bimodal response), method = "auto" (automatic selection based on AIC) and method = "gam" (using GAM with smoother)

method

Method defining the type of variable. Default method = "env" fits a response curve to environmental variables. Alternatively method = "ord" fits a response along an ordination axis.

axis

Ordination axis (only if method = "ord").

Value

Returns an (invisible) object containing the model results

Details

For response curves based on environmental variable gradients the argument var takes a single vector containing the variable corresponding to the species abundances. The direct response of a species to the environmental variable is shown.

For a response to ordination axis (method = "ord") the argument var requires a vegan ordination result object (e.g. from decorana, cca, rda or metaMDS). Response of species to axis is shown; note that meaning of axis differ in unconstrained and constrained methods. First axis is used as default.

Author(s)

Friedemann Goral (fgoral@gwdg.de) and Jenny Schellenberg

See Also

specresponses

Examples

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## Draw species response curve on environmental variable
specresponse(schedenveg$ArrElat, schedenenv$soil_depth)

## Draw species response curve on environmental variable with
## custom labels
specresponse(schedenveg$ArrElat, schedenenv$soil_depth, main = "Arrhenatherum elatius",
       xlab = "Soil depth")

## Draw species response curve on ordination axes
## First calculate DCA
library(vegan)
scheden.dca <- decorana(schedenveg)

# Using a linear model on first axis
specresponse(schedenveg$ArrElat, scheden.dca, method = "ord", model = "linear")
# Using an unimodal model on second axis
specresponse(schedenveg$ArrElat, scheden.dca, method = "ord", axis = 2)

Questions? Problems? Suggestions? or email at ian@mutexlabs.com.

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