model_frame: Construct a model frame

View source: R/model-frame.R

model_frameR Documentation

Construct a model frame


model_frame() is a stricter version of stats::model.frame(). There are a number of differences, with the main being that rows are never dropped and the return value is a list with the frame and terms separated into two distinct objects.


model_frame(formula, data)



A formula or terms object representing the terms of the model frame.


A data frame or matrix containing the terms of formula.


The following explains the rationale for some of the difference in arguments compared to stats::model.frame():

  • subset: Not allowed because the number of rows before and after model_frame() has been run should always be the same.

  • na.action: Not allowed and is forced to "na.pass" because the number of rows before and after model_frame() has been run should always be the same.

  • drop.unused.levels: Not allowed because it seems inconsistent for data and the result of model_frame() to ever have the same factor column but with different levels, unless specified though original_levels. If this is required, it should be done through a recipe step explicitly.

  • xlev: Not allowed because this check should have been done ahead of time. Use scream() to check the integrity of data against a training set if that is required.

  • ...: Not exposed because offsets are handled separately, and it is not necessary to pass weights here any more because rows are never dropped (so weights don't have to be subset alongside the rest of the design matrix). If other non-predictor columns are required, use the "roles" features of recipes.

It is important to always use the results of model_frame() with model_matrix() rather than stats::model.matrix() because the tibble in the result of model_frame() does not have a terms object attached. If ⁠model.matrix(<terms>, <tibble>)⁠ is called directly, then a call to model.frame() will be made automatically, which can give faulty results.


A named list with two elements:

  • "data": A tibble containing the model frame.

  • "terms": A terms object containing the terms for the model frame.


# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Example usage

framed <- model_frame(Species ~ Sepal.Width, iris)



# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Missing values never result in dropped rows

iris2 <- iris
iris2$Sepal.Width[1] <- NA

framed2 <- model_frame(Species ~ Sepal.Width, iris2)


nrow(framed2$data) == nrow(iris2)

hardhat documentation built on March 31, 2023, 10:21 p.m.