components: Connected components of a graph

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component_distributionR Documentation

Connected components of a graph


Calculate the maximal (weakly or strongly) connected components of a graph


component_distribution(graph, cumulative = FALSE, mul.size = FALSE, ...)

largest_component(graph, mode = c("weak", "strong"))

components(graph, mode = c("weak", "strong"))

is_connected(graph, mode = c("weak", "strong"))

count_components(graph, mode = c("weak", "strong"))



The graph to analyze.


Logical, if TRUE the cumulative distirubution (relative frequency) is calculated.


Logical. If TRUE the relative frequencies will be multiplied by the cluster sizes.


Additional attributes to pass to cluster, right now only mode makes sense.


Character string, either “weak” or “strong”. For directed graphs “weak” implies weakly, “strong” strongly connected components to search. It is ignored for undirected graphs.


is_connected() decides whether the graph is weakly or strongly connected. The null graph is considered disconnected.

components() finds the maximal (weakly or strongly) connected components of a graph.

count_components() does almost the same as components() but returns only the number of clusters found instead of returning the actual clusters.

component_distribution() creates a histogram for the maximal connected component sizes.

largest_component() returns the largest connected component of a graph. For directed graphs, optionally the largest weakly or strongly connected component. In case of a tie, the first component by vertex ID order is returned. Vertex IDs from the original graph are not retained in the returned graph.

The weakly connected components are found by a simple breadth-first search. The strongly connected components are implemented by two consecutive depth-first searches.


For is_connected() a logical constant.

For components() a named list with three components:


numeric vector giving the cluster id to which each vertex belongs.


numeric vector giving the sizes of the clusters.


numeric constant, the number of clusters.

For count_components() an integer constant is returned.

For component_distribution() a numeric vector with the relative frequencies. The length of the vector is the size of the largest component plus one. Note that (for currently unknown reasons) the first element of the vector is the number of clusters of size zero, so this is always zero.

For largest_component() the largest connected component of the graph.


Gabor Csardi

See Also

decompose(), subcomponent(), groups()

Connected components articulation_points(), biconnected_components(), decompose()

Connected components articulation_points(), biconnected_components(), decompose()

Other bfs(), connect(), constraint(), coreness(), degree(), dfs(), distance_table(), edge_density(), feedback_arc_set(), girth(), is_dag(), is_matching(), knn(), laplacian_matrix(), reciprocity(), subcomponent(), subgraph(), topo_sort(), transitivity(), unfold_tree(), which_multiple(), which_mutual()


g <- sample_gnp(20, 1 / 20)
clu <- components(g)

igraph documentation built on Aug. 10, 2023, 9:08 a.m.