Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

Function to allow the simulation of a correlated single continuous longitudinal outcome and a single survival outcome for data from multiple studies. The longitudinal sub-model contains a fixed intercept, time (slope) term and a binary treatment assignment covariate, whilst the survival sub-model contains only a binary treatment assignment covariate.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 | ```
simjointmeta(
k = 5,
n = rep(500, 5),
sepassoc = FALSE,
ntms = 5,
longmeasuretimes = c(0, 1, 2, 3, 4),
beta1 = c(1, 1, 1),
beta2 = 1,
rand_ind = c("intslope", "int"),
rand_stud = c("int", "inttreat", "treat", NULL),
gamma_ind = 1,
gamma_stud = NULL,
sigb_ind,
sigb_stud = NULL,
vare = 0.01,
theta0 = -3,
theta1 = 1,
censoring = TRUE,
censlam = exp(-3),
truncation = FALSE,
trunctime = max(longmeasuretimes)
)
``` |

`k` |
the number of studies to be simulated |

`n` |
a vector of length equal to k denoting the number of individuals to simulate per study |

`sepassoc` |
a logical taking value |

`ntms` |
the maximum possible number of longitudinal measurements - should
equal the length of the supplied |

`longmeasuretimes` |
a vector giving the exact times of the longitudinal
measurement times. If this is not specified in the function call then the
measurement times of the longitudinal outcome are set to start at 0 then
take integer values up to and including |

`beta1` |
a vector of the fixed effects for the longitudinal sub-model. Here the first element gives the coefficient for a fixed or population intercept, the second gives the coefficient for the binary treatment assignment covariate and the third element gives the covariate for the time (slope) covariate |

`beta2` |
the coefficient for the binary treatment assignment covariate |

`rand_ind` |
a character string specifying the individual level random
effects structure. If |

`rand_stud` |
a character string specifying the study level random effects
structure. If this is set to |

`gamma_ind` |
parameter specifying the level of association between the
longitudinal and survival outcomes attributable to the individual deviation
from the population longitudinal trajectory. If different association
parameters are required for each study then a list of length equal to the
number of studies should be supplied to |

`gamma_stud` |
parameter specifying the level of association between the
longitudinal and survival outcomes attributable to the study level
deviation from the overall population longitudinal trajectory. If different
association parameters are required for each study then a list of length
equal to the number of studies should be supplied to |

`sigb_ind` |
the covariance matrix for the individual level random effects. This should have number of rows and columns equal to the number of individual level random effects. |

`sigb_stud` |
the covariance matrix for the study level random effects.
This should have number of rows and columns equal to the number of study
level random effects. This should only be specified if |

`vare` |
the variance of the measurement error term |

`theta0` |
parameter defining the distribution of the survival times. A
separate parameter can be defined per study or a common parameter across
all studies. See Bender et al 2005 for advice on approximating appropriate
values for |

`theta1` |
parameter defining the distribution of the survival times. A
separate parameter can be defined per study or a common parameter across
all studies. See Bender et al 2005 for advice on approximating appropriate
values for |

`censoring` |
a logical indicating whether the simulated survival times should be censored or not |

`censlam` |
the lambda parameter controlling the simulated exponentially distributed censoring times. This can either be supplied as one value for all studies simulated, or a vector of length equal to the number of studies in the dataset. |

`truncation` |
a logical value to specify whether the simulated survival times should be truncated at a specified time or not. |

`trunctime` |
if |

This function allows the simulation of a single continuous longitudinal and a single survival outcome which are potentially correlated. The model simulates data under a joint model with a zero mean random effects only sharing structure. The longitudinal sub-model is adjusted by a fixed or population intercept, time (slope) term and a binary treatment assignment covariate. The survival sub-model is adjusted by only the fixed or population binary treatment assignment covariate.

Random effects can be specified at either just the individual level, or at both the individual and study level. For the options for the random effects see the above parameter definitions.

The parameters controlling the distributions for the survival times and the censoring times can be identical across the studies, or separate values can be supplied for each study. Similarly the association parameters can be identical across studies, or unique to each study.

The simulated longitudinal information is capped at each individual's
survival time. If `truncation= TRUE`

then the survival times are
truncated at the specified `trunctime`

.

For description of the methodology of simulating this data see Bender et al 2005, and Austin 2012.

Note that this function does not return data in a `jointdata`

format.
Function `tojointdata`

can help to reformat this data into a
`jointdata`

format.

This function returns a list with three named elements. The first
element is named `'longdat'`

, the second `'survdat'`

, the third
`'percentevent'`

. Each of these elements is a list of length equal to
the number of studies specified to simulate in the function call.

The element `'longdat'`

is a list of the simulated longitudinal data
sets. Each longitudinal dataset contains the following variables:

`id`

a numeric id variable

`Y`

the continuous longitudinal outcome

`time`

the numeric longitudinal time variable

`study`

a study membership variable

`intercept`

an intercept term

`treat`

a treatment assignment variable to one of two treatment groups

`ltime`

a duplicate of the longitudinal time variable

The element `'survdat'`

is a list of the simulated survival data sets.
Each survival dataset contains the following variables:

`id`

a numeric id variable

`survtime`

the numeric survival times

`cens`

the censoring indicator

`study`

a study membership variable

`treat`

a treatment assignment variable to one of two treatment groups

The element `'percentevent'`

is a list of the percentage of events
over censorings seen in the simulated survival data.

Bender et al (2005) Generating survival times to simulate Cox proportional hazards models. Statistics in Medicine 24:1713–1723

Austin (2012) Generating survival times to simulate Cox proportional hazards models with time-varying covariates. Statistics in Medicine 31: 3946–3958

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 | ```
#simulated data without study level variation specified
exampledat1<-simjointmeta(k = 5, n = rep(500, 5), sepassoc = FALSE,
ntms = 5, longmeasuretimes = c(0, 1, 2, 3, 4),
beta1 = c(1, 2, 3), beta2 = 1, rand_ind = 'intslope',
rand_stud = NULL, gamma_ind = 1,
sigb_ind = matrix(c(1,0.5,0.5,1.5),nrow=2), vare = 0.01,
theta0 = -3, theta1 = 1, censoring = TRUE, censlam = exp(-3),
truncation = FALSE, trunctime = max(longmeasuretimes))
#simulated data with different parameters for each study for the
#association parameters, censoring distribution parameters and survival time
#parameters
gamma_ind_set<-list(c(0.5, 1), c(0.4, 0.9), c(0.6, 1.1), c(0.5, 0.9),
c(0.4, 1.1))
gamma_stud_set<-list(c(0.6, 1.1), c(0.5, 1), c(0.5, 0.9), c(0.4, 1.1),
c(0.4, 0.9))
censlamset<-c(exp(-3), exp(-2.9), exp(-3.1), exp(-3), exp(-3.05))
theta0set<-c(-3, -2.9, -3, -2.9, -3.1)
theta1set<-c(1, 0.9, 1.1, 1, 0.9)
exampledat2<-simjointmeta(k = 5, n = rep(500, 5), sepassoc = TRUE, ntms = 5,
longmeasuretimes = c(0, 1, 2, 3, 4),
beta1 = c(1, 2, 3), beta2 = 1,
rand_ind = 'intslope', rand_stud = 'inttreat',
gamma_ind = gamma_ind_set,
gamma_stud = gamma_stud_set,
sigb_ind = matrix(c(1, 0.5, 0.5, 1.5), nrow = 2),
sigb_stud = matrix(c(1, 0.5, 0.5, 1.5), nrow = 2),
vare = 0.01, theta0 = theta0set,
theta1 = theta1set, censoring = TRUE,
censlam = censlamset, truncation = FALSE,
trunctime = max(longmeasuretimes))
``` |

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