Format dates and times based on human-friendly templates.

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Description

Stamps are just like format, but based on human-frendly templates like "Recorded at 10 am, September 2002" or "Meeting, Sunday May 1, 2000, at 10:20 pm".

Usage

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stamp(x, orders = lubridate_formats, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  quiet = FALSE)

stamp_date(x, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"))

stamp_time(x, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"))

Arguments

x

a character vector of templates.

orders

orders are sequences of formatting characters which might be used for disambiguation. For example "ymd hms", "aym" etc. See guess_formats for a list of available formats.

locale

locale in which x is encoded. On linux like systems use locale -a in terminal to list available locales.

quiet

whether to output informative messages.

Details

stamp is a stamping function date-time templates mainly, though it correctly handles all date and time formats as long as they are unambiguous. stamp_date, and stamp_time are the specialized stamps for dates and times (MHS). These function might be useful when the input template is unambiguous and matches both a time and a date format.

Lubridate tries it's best to figure our the formats, but often a given format can be interpreted in several ways. One way to deal with the situation is to provide unambiguous formats like 22/05/81 instead of 10/05/81 if you want d/m/y format. Another option is to use a more specialized stamp_date and stamp_time. The core function stamp give priority to longer date-time formats.

Another option is to proved a vector of several values as x parameter. Then lubridate will choose the format which fits x the best. Note that longer formats are preferred. If you have "22:23:00 PM" then "HMSp" format will be given priority to shorter "HMS" order which also fits the supplied string.

Finally, you can give desired format order directly as orders argument.

Value

a function to be applied on a vector of dates

See Also

guess_formats, parse_date_time, strptime

Examples

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D <- ymd("2010-04-05") - days(1:5)
stamp("March 1, 1999")(D)
sf <- stamp("Created on Sunday, Jan 1, 1999 3:34 pm")
sf(D)
stamp("Jan 01")(D)
stamp("Sunday, May 1, 2000", locale = "en_US")(D)
stamp("Sun Aug 5")(D) #=> "Sun Aug 04" "Sat Aug 04" "Fri Aug 04" "Thu Aug 04" "Wed Aug 03"
stamp("12/31/99")(D)              #=> "06/09/11"
stamp("Sunday, May 1, 2000 22:10", locale = "en_US")(D)
stamp("2013-01-01T06:00:00Z")(D)
stamp("2013-01-01T00:00:00-06")(D)
stamp("2013-01-01T00:00:00-08:00")(force_tz(D, "America/Chicago"))

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