Parse dates according to the order in that year, month, and day elements appear in the input vector.

Description

Transforms dates stored in character and numeric vectors to Date or POSIXct objects (see tz argument). These functions recognize arbitrary non-digit separators as well as no separator. As long as the order of formats is correct, these functions will parse dates correctly even when the input vectors contain differently formatted dates. See examples.

Usage

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ymd(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

ydm(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

mdy(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

myd(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

dmy(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

dym(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"),
  truncated = 0)

yq(..., quiet = FALSE, tz = NULL, locale = Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME"))

Arguments

...

a character or numeric vector of suspected dates

quiet

logical. When TRUE function evalueates without displaying customary messages.

tz

Time zone indicator. If NULL (default) a Date object is returned. Otherwise a POSIXct with time zone attribute set to tz.

locale

locale to be used, see locales. On linux systems you can use system("locale -a") to list all the installed locales.

truncated

integer. Number of formats that can be truncated.

Details

If truncated parameter is non-zero ymd functions also check for truncated formats. For example ymd with truncated = 2 will also parse incomplete dates like 2012-06 and 2012.

NOTE: ymd family of functions are based on 'parse_date_time' and thus directly drop to internal C parser for numeric months, but use R's ‘strptime' for alphabetic months. This implies that some of the 'strptime'’s limitations are inherited by lubridate's parser. For example truncated formats (like %Y-%b) will not be parsed. Numeric truncated formats (like %Y-%m) are handled correctly by lubridate's C parser.

As of version 1.3.0, lubridate's parse functions no longer return a message that displays which format they used to parse their input. You can change this by setting the lubridate.verbose option to TRUE with options(lubridate.verbose = TRUE).

Value

a vector of class POSIXct if tz argument is non-NULL or Date if tz is NULL (default)

See Also

parse_date_time for an even more flexible low level mechanism.

Examples

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x <- c("09-01-01", "09-01-02", "09-01-03")
ymd(x)
x <- c("2009-01-01", "2009-01-02", "2009-01-03")
ymd(x)
ymd(090101, 90102)
now() > ymd(20090101)
## TRUE
dmy(010210)
mdy(010210)

## heterogenuous formats in a single vector:
x <- c(20090101, "2009-01-02", "2009 01 03", "2009-1-4",
       "2009-1, 5", "Created on 2009 1 6", "200901 !!! 07")
ymd(x)

## What lubridate might not handle:

## Extremely weird cases when one of the separators is "" and some of the
## formats are not in double digits might not be parsed correctly:
## Not run: ymd("201002-01", "201002-1", "20102-1")
dmy("0312-2010", "312-2010")
## End(Not run)

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