strachey: Strachey's algorithm for magic squares

Description Usage Arguments Details Author(s) See Also Examples

Description

Uses Strachey's algorithm to produce magic squares of singly-even order.

Usage

1
strachey(m, square=magic.2np1(m))

Arguments

m

magic square produced of order n=2m+1

square

magic square of order 2m+1 needed for Strachey's method. Default value gives the standard construction, but the method will work with any odd order magic square

Details

Strachey's method essentially places four identical magic squares of order 2m+1 together to form one of n=4m+2. Then 0,n^2/4,n^2/2,3n^2/4 is added to each square; and finally, certain squares are swapped from the top subsquare to the bottom subsquare.

See the final example for an illustration of how this works, using a zero matrix as the submatrix. Observe how some 75s are swapped with some 0s, and some 50s with some 25s.

Author(s)

Robin K. S. Hankin

See Also

magic.4np2,lozenge

Examples

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 strachey(3)
 strachey(2,square=magic(5))

 strachey(2,square=magic(5)) %eq%  strachey(2,square=t(magic(5)))
 #should be FALSE

 #Show which numbers have been swapped:
 strachey(2,square=matrix(0,5,5))

 #It's still magic, but not normal:
  is.magic(strachey(2,square=matrix(0,5,5)))

Example output

Loading required package: abind
      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] [,10] [,11] [,12] [,13]
 [1,]  177  186  195    1   10   19   28  128  137   146    99   108    68
 [2,]  185  194  154    9   18   27   29  136  145   105   107   116    76
 [3,]  193  153  155   17   26   35   37  144  104   106   115   124    84
 [4,]    5  161  163  172   34   36   45  103  112   114   123   132    85
 [5,]  160  162  171   33   42   44    4  111  113   122   131   140    93
 [6,]  168  170  179   41   43    3   12  119  121   130   139   141    52
 [7,]  169  178  187   49    2   11   20  120  129   138   147   100    60
 [8,]   30   39   48  148  157  166  175   79   88    97    50    59   117
 [9,]   38   47    7  156  165  174  176   87   96    56    58    67   125
[10,]   46    6    8  164  173  182  184   95   55    57    66    75   133
[11,]  152   14   16   25  181  183  192   54   63    65    74    83   134
[12,]   13   15   24  180  189  191  151   62   64    73    82    91   142
[13,]   21   23   32  188  190  150  159   70   72    81    90    92   101
[14,]   22   31   40  196  149  158  167   71   80    89    98    51   109
      [,14]
 [1,]    77
 [2,]    78
 [3,]    86
 [4,]    94
 [5,]    53
 [6,]    61
 [7,]    69
 [8,]   126
 [9,]   127
[10,]   135
[11,]   143
[12,]   102
[13,]   110
[14,]   118
      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] [,10]
 [1,]   84   77   25   18   11   59   52   75   68    36
 [2,]   78   96   19   12   10   53   71   69   62    35
 [3,]   22   95   88    6    4   72   70   63   56    29
 [4,]   91   89    7    5   23   66   64   57   55    48
 [5,]   90   83    1   24   17   65   58   51   74    42
 [6,]    9    2  100   93   86   34   27   50   43    61
 [7,]    3   21   94   87   85   28   46   44   37    60
 [8,]   97   20   13   81   79   47   45   38   31    54
 [9,]   16   14   82   80   98   41   39   32   30    73
[10,]   15    8   76   99   92   40   33   26   49    67
[1] FALSE
      [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] [,10]
 [1,]   75   75    0    0    0   50   50   50   50    25
 [2,]   75   75    0    0    0   50   50   50   50    25
 [3,]    0   75   75    0    0   50   50   50   50    25
 [4,]   75   75    0    0    0   50   50   50   50    25
 [5,]   75   75    0    0    0   50   50   50   50    25
 [6,]    0    0   75   75   75   25   25   25   25    50
 [7,]    0    0   75   75   75   25   25   25   25    50
 [8,]   75    0    0   75   75   25   25   25   25    50
 [9,]    0    0   75   75   75   25   25   25   25    50
[10,]    0    0   75   75   75   25   25   25   25    50
[1] TRUE

magic documentation built on Jan. 26, 2018, 5:03 p.m.