# estimice: Computes least squares parameters In mice: Multivariate Imputation by Chained Equations

 estimice R Documentation

## Computes least squares parameters

### Description

This function computes least squares estimates, variance/covariance matrices, residuals and degrees of freedom according to ridge regression, QR decomposition or Singular Value Decomposition. This function is internally called by .norm.draw(), but can be called by any user-specified imputation function.

### Usage

``````estimice(x, y, ls.meth = "qr", ridge = 1e-05, ...)
``````

### Arguments

 `x` Matrix (`n` x `p`) of complete covariates. `y` Incomplete data vector of length `n` `ls.meth` the method to use for obtaining the least squares estimates. By default parameters are drawn by means of QR decomposition. `ridge` A small numerical value specifying the size of the ridge used. The default value `ridge = 1e-05` represents a compromise between stability and unbiasedness. Decrease `ridge` if the data contain many junk variables. Increase `ridge` for highly collinear data. `...` Other named arguments.

### Details

When calculating the inverse of the crossproduct of the predictor matrix, problems may arise. For example, taking the inverse is not possible when the predictor matrix is rank deficient, or when the estimation problem is computationally singular. This function detects such error cases and automatically falls back to adding a ridge penalty to the diagonal of the crossproduct to allow for proper calculation of the inverse.

### Value

A `list` containing components `c` (least squares estimate), `r` (residuals), `v` (variance/covariance matrix) and `df` (degrees of freedom).

### Note

This functions adds a star to variable names in the mice iteration history to signal that a ridge penalty was added. In that case, it also adds an entry to `loggedEvents`.

### Author(s)

Gerko Vink, 2018

mice documentation built on June 7, 2023, 5:38 p.m.