Signed Network

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Description

Construct the signed network of a system of contrasting relations

Usage

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signed(P, N = NULL, labels = NULL)

Arguments

P

array with the positive ties and possible with negative ties (see Details)

N

(optional) array with the negative ties

labels

(optional) labels for the signed matrix

Details

This function coerce a array(s) to become a 'Signed' object. Positive ties are always in the first argument, and in case that this array has three dimensions, then the second dimension is considered as the negative ties, provided that N is NULL. If ambivalent ties are present in the structure then the signed matrix represent positive, negative, ambivalent, and null ties as p, n, a, and o respectively; otherwise the values are 1, -1, and 0.

Value

An object of 'Signed' class with items:

val

the valences in the signed matrix

s

the signed matrix

Note

A warning message is shown when the N argument has more than two dimensions.

Author(s)

Antonio Rivero Ostoic

References

Doreian, P., V. Batagelj and A. Ferligoj Generalized Blockmodeling. Cambridge University Press. 2004.

See Also

semiring, as.signed

Examples

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## Load the data
data("incubA")

## Make the signed matrix with two types of relations
signed(incubA$IM)

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