set the size of a numeric variable in NIMBLE. This works in R and NIMBLE, but in R it usually has no effect.
setSize(numObj, ..., copy = TRUE, fillZeros = TRUE)
This is the object to be resized
sizes, provided as scalars, in order, or as a single vector
logical indicating whether values should be preserved (in column-major order)
logical indicating whether newly allocated space should be initialized with zeros (in compiled code)
Note that assigning the result of
array is often as good or better than using
setSize. For example, 'x <- matrix(nrow = 5, ncol = 5)' is equivalent to 'setSize(x, 5, 5)' but the former allows more control over initialization.
This function is part of the NIMBLE language. Its purpose is to explicitly resize a multivariate object (vector, matrix or array), currently up to 4 dimensions. Explicit resizing is not needed when an entire object is assigned to. For example, in
Y <- A %*% B, where A and B are matrices,
Y will be resized automatically. Explicit resizing is necessary when assignment will be by indexed elements or blocks, if the object is not already an appropriate size for the assignment. E.g. prior to
Y[5:10] <- A %*% B, one can use setSize to ensure that
Y has a size (length) of at least 10.
This does work in uncompiled (R) and well as compiled execution, but in some cases it is only necessary for compiled execution. During uncompiled execution, it may not catch bugs due to resizing because some R objects will be dynamically resized during assignments anyway.
If preserving values in the resized object and/or initializing new values with 0 is not necessary, then setting these arguments to FALSE will yield slightly more efficient compiled code.
NIMBLE development team
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