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This is nprotreg, an R package that exploits nonparametric rotations in the analysis of Sphere-Sphere regression models.

The package implements methods proposed by Di Marzio, Panzera & Taylor (2018).

Thanks to package nprotreg, regressing data represented as points on a hypersphere you can simulate a very flexible regression model where, for each location of the manifold, a specific rotation matrix is applied to obtain a spherical response; fit Sphere-Sphere regression models by allowing for approximations of rotation matrices based on a series expansion; reduce estimation bias applying iterative estimation procedures within a Newton-Raphson learning scheme; use cross-validation to select smoothing parameters.

Getting Started

The following script shows how to fit a Sphere-Sphere regression model using simulated data via package nprotreg.


# Define a matrix of explanatory points.

number_of_explanatory_points <- 50

explanatory_points <- get_equally_spaced_points(

# Define a matrix of response points by simulation.

# - define the response local rotation model (eg Model 2 in Table 1 of [Di Marzio, Panzera & Taylor (2018)])

local_rotation_composer <- function(point) {
  independent_components <- (1 / 2) *
    c(exp(2.0 * point[3]), - exp(2.0 * point[2]), exp(2.0 * point[1]))

# - define a rotation (error) perturbation model using random skew symmetric matrix:

local_error_sampler <- function(point) {

response_points <- simulate_regression(explanatory_points,

# Define a matrix of evaluation points for prediction.

evaluation_points <- rbind(
  cbind(.5, 0, .8660254),
  cbind(-.5, 0, .8660254),
  cbind(1, 0, 0),
  cbind(0, 1, 0),
  cbind(-1, 0, 0),
  cbind(0, -1, 0),
  cbind(.5, 0, -.8660254),
  cbind(-.5, 0, -.8660254)

# Use a default weights generator.

weights_generator <- weight_explanatory_points

# Set the concentration parameter (kappa).

concentration <- 5

# Fit regression.

fit_info <- fit_regression(
  number_of_expansion_terms = 1,
  number_of_iterations = 2

See the documentation for addressing additional scenarios.


To download and install the package from the CRAN repository, execute the following command:


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nprotreg documentation built on Feb. 5, 2021, 5:06 p.m.