ci: Compute the confidence interval of a ROC curve

View source: R/ci.R

ciR Documentation

Compute the confidence interval of a ROC curve


This function computes the confidence interval (CI) of a ROC curve. The of argument controls the type of CI that will be computed. By default, the 95% CI are computed with 2000 stratified bootstrap replicates.


## S3 method for class 'roc'
ci(roc, of = c("auc", "thresholds", "sp", "se", "coords"), ...)
## S3 method for class 'smooth.roc'
ci(smooth.roc, of = c("auc", "sp", "se", "coords"), ...)
## S3 method for class 'multiclass.roc'
ci(multiclass.roc, of = "auc", ...)
## S3 method for class 'multiclass.auc'
ci(multiclass.auc, of = "auc", ...)
## S3 method for class 'formula'
ci(formula, data, ...)
## Default S3 method:
ci(response, predictor, ...)


roc, smooth.roc

a “roc” object from the roc function, or a “smooth.roc” object from the smooth function.

multiclass.roc, multiclass.auc

not implemented.

response, predictor

arguments for the roc function.

formula, data

a formula (and possibly a data object) of type response~predictor for the roc function.


The type of confidence interval. One of “auc”, “thresholds”, “sp”, “se” or “coords”. Note that confidence interval on “thresholds” are not available for smoothed ROC curves.


further arguments passed to or from other methods, especially auc, roc, and the specific ci functions ci.auc,, ci.sp and ci.thresholds.


ci.formula and ci.default are convenience methods that build the ROC curve (with the roc function) before calling ci.roc. You can pass them arguments for both roc and ci.roc. Simply use ci that will dispatch to the correct method.

This function is typically called from roc when ci=TRUE (not by default). Depending on the of argument, the specific ci functions ci.auc, ci.thresholds, ci.sp, or ci.coords are called.

When the ROC curve has an auc of 1 (or 100%), the confidence interval will always be null (there is no interval). This is true for both “delong” and “bootstrap” methods that can not properly assess the variance in this case. This result is misleading, as the variance is of course not null. A warning will be displayed to inform of this condition, and of the misleading output.

CI of multiclass ROC curves and AUC is not implemented yet. Attempting to call these methods returns an error.


The return value of the specific ci functions ci.auc, ci.thresholds, ci.sp, or ci.coords, depending on the of argument.


Xavier Robin, Natacha Turck, Alexandre Hainard, et al. (2011) “pROC: an open-source package for R and S+ to analyze and compare ROC curves”. BMC Bioinformatics, 7, 77. DOI: \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.1186/1471-2105-12-77")}.

See Also

roc, auc, ci.auc, ci.thresholds, ci.sp,, ci.coords


# Create a ROC curve:
roc1 <- roc(aSAH$outcome, aSAH$s100b)

## AUC ## 
# this is equivalent to:
ci(roc1, of = "auc")
# or:

## Coordinates ##
## Not run: 
# Thresholds
ci(roc1, of = "thresholds")
ci(roc1, of = "thresholds", thresholds = "all")
ci(roc1, of = "thresholds", thresholds = 0.51)
# equivalent to:
ci.thresholds(roc1, thresholds = 0.51)

ci(roc1, of = "sp", sensitivities = c(.95, .9, .85))
ci(roc1, of = "se")

# Arbitrary coordinates
ci(roc1, of = "coords", "best")
ci.coords(roc1, 0.51, "threshold")
## End(Not run)

pROC documentation built on Nov. 2, 2023, 6:05 p.m.