Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples
This function vfold crossvalidates a discriminant analysis through the leavevout procedure, with v varying from 1 to v. It also does repetitions of the crossvalidation at each value of v to make estimates of the confidence limits for the accuracy of the function. This function involves very intensive computations. Therefore, if only specific values of v need to be evaluated, it is recommended to use vcrossv.da
instead.
1  vcrossv.all(x, f, to, nsimulat, funct, ntrials, plot = TRUE)

x 
A matrix with samples in columns and taxa in rows. The rows must be named after taxa names (see 
f 
An object of class 
to 
The upper value of v. The vfold crossvalidation is performed for each value from 1 to v. 
nsimulat 
Number of samples simulated to desaturate the model (see CorreaMetrio et al (2010) for details). If no samples were simulated 
funct 

ntrials 
Number of desired repetitions for the crossvalidation at each value of v. 
plot 
Whether or not a plot of the behavior of the accuracy estimated for the discriminant function at each value of v is desired. 
The function was designed for discrimination of pollen taxa into dichotomous ecological groups (only admits two factors). The prior information corresponds to the affinity of certain taxa to known environmental conditions. Therefore, while the taxa corrrespond to the objects to classify, the percentages through the fossil dataset correspond to the attributes. Each time the discriminant function is adjusted, v elements are left out with no replacements. Therefore, it is recommended that v be smaller than half of the total taxa, unless there is a considerable number of species. Take also into consideration that each time a taxon is left out for the crossvalidation, all the samples that were simulated for such taxon are left out too.
vcrossv.all
returns a matrix with four columns. fold
contains the values of v. mean accuracy
contains the average discriminant function accuracy obtained from repeating the crossvalidation ntrials
times at the given value of v. lower (0.025)
and upper (0.975)
contain the 0.025 and 0.975 quantiles of the discriminant function accuracy obtained from the same procedure. Note that for v=1
the results are the same for all repetitions given that leaving only one element out has no random component associated.
Alexander CorreaMetrio, Kenneth R. Cabrera.
CorreaMetrio, A., K.R. Cabrera, and M.B. Bush. 2010. Quantifying ecological change through discriminant analysis: a paleoecological example from the Peruvian Amazon. Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 695704.
Venables, W.N., and B.D. Ripley. 2002. "Modern applied statistics with S". Springer, New York.
vcrossv.all
.lda
and qda
(package MASS) for details on the discriminant functions. simulat
and simulat.t
for details on samples simulations.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8  data(quexilper)
# Taking only a fraction of the data base so the model is not saturated
a<quexilper[1:10,1:20]
a<t(a)
#build a dummy factor assuming that the first 10 species belong to group1 and the send ten belong to group 2
b<as.factor(rep(c("group1","group2"),each=10))
#apply the function
vcrossv.all(a,b,to=5,nsimulat=1,funct=lda,ntrials=20,plot=TRUE)

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