rpf.introduction: rpf - Response Probability Functions

Description Details References See Also


Factor out logic and math common to Item Factor Analysis fitting, diagnostics, and analysis. It is envisioned as core support code suitable for more specialized IFA packages to build upon.


This package provides optimized, low-level functions to map parameters to response probabilities for dichotomous (1PL, 2PL and 3PL) rpf.drm and polytomous (graded response rpf.grm, partial credit/generalized partial credit (via the nominal model), and nominal rpf.nrm items.

Item model parameters are passed around as a numeric vector. A 1D matrix is also acceptable. Regardless of model, parameters are always ordered as follows: discrimination/slope ("a"), difficulty/intercept ("b"), and pseudo guessing/upper-bound ("g"/"u"). If person ability ranges from negative to positive then probabilities are output from incorrect to correct. That is, a low ability person (e.g., ability = -2) will be more likely to get an item incorrect than correct. For example, a dichotomous model that returns [.25, .75] indicates a probability of .25 for incorrect and .75 for correct. A polytomous model will have the most incorrect probability at index 1 and the most correct probability at the maximum index.

All models are always in the logistic metric. To obtain normal ogive discrimination parameters, divide slope parameters by rpf.ogive. Item models are estimated in slope-intercept form. Input/output matrices arranged in the way most convenient for low-level processing in C. The maximum absolute logit is 35 because f(x) := 1-exp(x) loses accuracy around f(-35) and equals 1 at f(-38) due to the limited accuracy of double precision floating point.

This package could also accrete functions to support plotting (but not the actual plot functions).


Pritikin, J. N., Hunter, M. D., & Boker, S. M. (2015). Modular open-source software for Item Factor Analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 75(3), 458-474

Thissen, D. and Steinberg, L. (1986). A taxonomy of item response models. Psychometrika 51(4), 567-577.

See Also

See rpf.rparam to create item parameters.

rpf documentation built on April 30, 2021, 1:06 a.m.