stanmodel-method-optimizing: Obtain a point estimate by maximizing the joint posterior

Description Usage Arguments Value Methods See Also Examples

Description

Obtain a point estimate by maximizing the joint posterior from the model defined by class stanmodel.

Usage

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  ## S4 method for signature 'stanmodel'
optimizing(object, data = list(), 
    seed = sample.int(.Machine$integer.max, 1), init = 'random', 
    check_data = TRUE, sample_file = NULL, 
    algorithm = c("LBFGS", "BFGS", "Newton"),
    verbose = FALSE, hessian = FALSE, as_vector = TRUE, 
    draws = 0, constrained = TRUE, ...)   

Arguments

object

An object of class stanmodel.

data

A named list or environment providing the data for the model or a character vector for all the names of objects used as data. See the Passing data to Stan section in stan.

seed

The seed for random number generation. The default is generated from 1 to the maximum integer supported by R on the machine. Even if multiple chains are used, only one seed is needed, with other chains having seeds derived from that of the first chain to avoid dependent samples. When a seed is specified by a number, as.integer will be applied to it. If as.integer produces NA, the seed is generated randomly. The seed can also be specified as a character string of digits, such as "12345", which is converted to integer.

init

Initial values specification. See the detailed documentation for the init argument in stan with one exception. If specifying inits using a list then only a single named list of values should be provided. For example, to initialize a parameter alpha to value1 and beta to value2 you can specify list(alpha = value1, beta = value2).

check_data

Logical, defaulting to TRUE. If TRUE the data will be preprocessed; otherwise not. See the Passing data to Stan section in stan.

sample_file

A character string of file name for specifying where to write samples for all parameters and other saved quantities. If not provided, files are not created. When the folder specified is not writable, tempdir() is used.

algorithm

One of "Newton", "BFGS", and "LBFGS" (the default) indicating which optimization algorithm to use.

verbose

TRUE or FALSE (the default): flag indicating whether to print intermediate output from Stan on the console, which might be helpful for model debugging.

hessian

TRUE or FALSE (the default): flag indicating whether to calculate the Hessian (via numeric differentiation of the gradient function in the unconstrained parameter space).

as_vector

TRUE (the default) or FALSE: flag indicating whether a vector is used to store the point estimate found. A list can be used instead by specifying it to be FALSE.

draws

A non-negative integer (that defaults to zero) indicating how many times to draw from a multivariate normal distribution whose parameters are the mean vector and the inverse negative Hessian in the unconstrained space.

constrained

A logical scalar indicating, if draws > 0, whether the draws should be transformed to the constrained space defined in the parameters block of the Stan program. Defaults to TRUE.

...

Other optional parameters:

  • iter (integer), the maximum number of iterations, defaulting to 2000.

  • save_iterations (logical), a flag indicating whether to save the iterations, defaulting to FALSE.

  • refresh (integer), the number of interations between screen updates, defaulting to 100.

  • init_alpha (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the line search step size for first iteration, defaulting to 0.001.

  • tol_obj (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the convergence tolerance on changes in objective function value, defaulting to 1e-12.

  • tol_rel_obj (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the convergence tolerance on relative changes in objective function value, defaulting to 1e4.

  • tol_grad (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the convergence tolerance on the norm of the gradient, defaulting to 1e-8.

  • tol_rel_grad (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the convergence tolerance on the relative norm of the gradient, defaulting to 1e7.

  • tol_param (double), for BFGS and LBFGS, the convergence tolerance on changes in parameter value, defaulting to 1e-8.

  • history_size (integer), for LBFGS, the number of update vectors to use in Hessian approximations, defaulting to 5.

Refer to the manuals for both CmdStan and Stan for more details.

Value

par

The point estimate found. Its form (vector or list) is determined by the as_vector argument.

value

The value of the log-posterior (up to an additive constant, the "lp__" in Stan) corresponding to par.

return_code

The value of the return code from the optimizer; anything that is not zero is problematic.

hessian

The Hessian matrix if hessian is TRUE

theta_tilde

If draws > 0, the matrix of parameter draws in the constrained or unconstrained space, depending on the value of the constrained argument.

log_p

If draws > 0, a vector of length draws that contains the value of the log-posterior evaluated at each row of theta_tilde.

log_g

If draws > 0, a vector of length draws that contains the value of the logarithm of the multivariate normal density evaluated at each row of theta_tilde.

If the optimization is not completed for reasons such as feeding wrong data, it returns NULL.

Methods

optimizing

signature(object = "stanmodel")

Call Stan's optimization methods to obtain a point estimate for the model defined by S4 class stanmodel given the data, initial values, etc.

See Also

stanmodel

Examples

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## Not run: 
m <- stan_model(model_code = 'parameters {real y;} model {y ~ normal(0,1);}')
f <- optimizing(m, hessian = TRUE)

## End(Not run)

rstan documentation built on Nov. 8, 2018, 1:04 a.m.