decimate: Decimate or downsample a signal In signal: Signal Processing

 decimate R Documentation

Decimate or downsample a signal

Description

Downsample a signal by a factor, using an FIR or IIR filter.

Usage

``````decimate(x, q, n = if (ftype == "iir") 8 else 30, ftype = "iir")
``````

Arguments

 `x` signal to be decimated. `q` integer factor to downsample by. `n` filter order used in the downsampling. `ftype` filter type, `"iir"` or `"fir"`

Details

By default, an order 8 Chebyshev type I filter is used or a 30-point FIR filter if `ftype` is `'fir'`. Note that `q` must be an integer for this rate change method.

Makes use of the `filtfilt` function with all its limitations.

Value

The decimated signal, an array of length `ceiling(length(x) / q)`.

Author(s)

Original Octave version by Paul Kienzle pkienzle@user.sf.net. Conversion to R by Tom Short.

References

Octave Forge https://octave.sourceforge.io/

`filter`, `resample`, `interp`

Examples

``````# The signal to decimate starts away from zero, is slowly varying
# at the start and quickly varying at the end, decimate and plot.
# Since it starts away from zero, you will see the boundary
# effects of the antialiasing filter clearly.  You will also see
# how it follows the curve nicely in the slowly varying early
# part of the signal, but averages the curve in the quickly
# varying late part of the signal.
t <- seq(0, 2, by = 0.01)
x <- chirp(t, 2, 0.5, 10, 'quadratic') + sin(2*pi*t*0.4)
y <- decimate(x, 4)   # factor of 4 decimation
plot(t, x, type = "l")
lines(t[seq(1,length(t), by = 4)], y, col = "blue")
``````

signal documentation built on June 26, 2024, 9:06 a.m.