grpdelay: Group delay of a filter or model

View source: R/grpdelay.R

grpdelayR Documentation

Group delay of a filter or model


The group delay of a filter or model. The group delay is the time delay for a sinusoid at a given frequency.


## Default S3 method:
grpdelay(filt, a = 1, n = 512, whole = FALSE, Fs = NULL, ...)

## S3 method for class 'Arma'
grpdelay(filt, ...)

## S3 method for class 'Ma'
grpdelay(filt, ...)

## S3 method for class 'Zpg'
grpdelay(filt, ...)

## S3 method for class 'grpdelay'
plot(x, xlab = if(x$HzFlag) 'Hz' else 'radian/sample', 
    ylab = 'Group delay (samples)', type = "l", ...)

## S3 method for class 'grpdelay'
print(x, ...)



for the default case, the moving-average coefficients of an ARMA model or filter. Generically, filt specifies an arbitrary model or filter operation.


the autoregressive (recursive) coefficients of an ARMA filter.


number of points at which to evaluate the frequency response.


FALSE (the default) to evaluate around the upper half of the unit circle or TRUE to evaluate around the entire unit circle.


sampling frequency in Hz. If not specified, the frequencies are in radians.


object to be plotted.

xlab, ylab, type

as in plot, but with more sensible defaults.


for methods of grpdelay, arguments are passed to the default method. For plot.grpdelay, additional arguments are passed through to plot.


For fastest computation, n should factor into a small number of small primes.

If the denominator of the computation becomes too small, the group delay is set to zero. (The group delay approaches infinity when there are poles or zeros very close to the unit circle in the z plane.)

When results of grpdelay are printed, the group delay will be plotted. As with lattice plots, automatic printing does not work inside loops and function calls, so explicit calls to print or plot are needed there.


A list of class grpdelay with items:


the group delay, in units of samples. It can be converted to seconds by multiplying by the sampling period (or dividing by the sampling rate Fs).


frequencies at which the group delay was calculated.


number of points at which the group delay was calculated.


TRUE for frequencies in Hz, FALSE for frequencies in radians.


Original Octave version by Julius O. Smith III and Paul Kienzle. Conversion to R by Tom Short.


Octave Forge

See Also

filter, Arma, freqz


# Two Zeros and Two Poles
b <- poly(c(1/0.9*exp(1i*pi*0.2), 0.9*exp(1i*pi*0.6)))
a <- poly(c(0.9*exp(-1i*pi*0.6), 1/0.9*exp(-1i*pi*0.2)))
gpd <- grpdelay(b, a, 512, whole = TRUE, Fs = 1)

signal documentation built on June 26, 2024, 9:06 a.m.

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