makeBirdFunction: Bird Function

Description Usage Value References


Multimodal single-objective test function. The implementation is based on the mathematical formulation

f(\mathbf{x}) = (\mathbf{x}_1 - \mathbf{x}_2)^2 + \exp((1 - \sin(\mathbf{x}_1))^2)\cos(\mathbf{x}_2) + \exp((1 - \cos(\mathbf{x}_2))^2)\sin(\mathbf{x}_1).

The function is restricted to two dimensions with \mathbf{x}_i \in [-2π, 2π], i = 1, 2.






S. K. Mishra, Global Optimization By Differential Evolution and Particle Swarm Methods: Evaluation On Some Benchmark Functions, Munich Research Papers in Economics.

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