image.plot: Draws image plot with a legend strip for the color scale.

Description Usage Arguments Details Side Effects See Also Examples


This function combines the R image function with some automatic placement of a legend. This is done by splitting the plotting region into two parts. Putting the image in one and the legend in the other.

This function and help file are copied from the fields package.


image_plot(..., add = FALSE, nlevel = 64, legend.shrink = 0.9, 
    legend.width = 0.05, graphics.reset = FALSE, horizontal = FALSE, 
    offset = 2 * legend.width, bigplot = NULL, smallplot = NULL, 
    legend.only = FALSE, col = topo.colors(nlevel)) 



The usual arguments to the image function. because this function may change the size of the plotting region. (See details below)


If true add image and a legend strip to the existing plot.


Number of color levels used in legend strip


Amount to shrink the size of legend relative to the full height or width of the plot.


Width in plotting coordinates (the full size plot is [0,1]X[0,1]) of the legend strip.


Amount that the legend strip is set in from the left edge or the bottom of the plotting region. Units are with respect to the plotting coordinates.


If false (default) the plotting region ( plt in par) will not be reset and one can add more information onto the image plot. (e.g. using functions such as points or lines.) If true will reset plot parameters to the values before entering the function.


If false (default) legend will be a vertical strip on the right side. If true the legend strip will be along the bottom.


Plot coordinates for image plot. If not passed these will be determined within the function.


Plot coordinates for legend. If not passed these will be determined within the function.


If true just add the legend to a the plot in the plot region defined by the coordinates in smallplot.


Color table to use for image ( see help file on image for details). Default is a pleasing range of 64 divisions on a topgraphic scale.


It is surprising how hard it is just to automatically add the legend! All "plotting coordinates" mentioned here are in device coordinates. The plot region is assumed to be [0,1]X[0,1] and plotting regions are defined as rectangles within this square. We found these easier to work with than user coordinates. There are always problems with default solutions to placing information on graphs but the choices made here may be useful for most cases. The most annoying thing is that after using plot.image and adding information the next plot that is made may have the slightly smaller plotting region set by the image plotting.

The strategy is simple, divide the plotting region into two smaller regions. The image goes in one and the legend in the other. This way there is always room for the legend. Some adjustments are made to this rule by not shrinking the image plot if there is already room for the legend strip and also sticking the legend strip close to the image plot. Also, one can specify the plot regions explicitly by bigplot and small plot if the default choices do not work. There may be problems with small plotting regions in fitting both of these plot and one may have to change the default character sizes or margins to make things fit.

By keeping the zlim argument the same across images one can generate the same color scale. (See image help file) One useful technique for a panel of images is to just draw the first with image.plot to get a legend and just use image for subsequent plots. Also keep in mind one can just add a legend to an existing plot without changing plotting parameters. Usually a square plot (pty="s") done in a rectangular plot region will have room for the legend with any adjustments stuck to the right side.

Side Effects

After exiting, the plotting region may be changed to make it possible to add more features to the plot. To be explicit, par()\$plt may be changed to reflect a smaller plotting region that includes a legend subplot.

See Also



x<- 1:10 
y<- 1:15 
z<- outer( x,y,"+") 
# now add some points on diagonal  
points( 5:10, 5:10)
#fat (5% of figure) and short (50% of figure)  legend strip on the bottom 
image_plot( x,y,z,legend.width=.05, legend.shrink=.5, horizontal=TRUE) 

# add a legend on the bottom but first change margin for some room 
par( mar=c(10,5,5,5))

image( x,y,z)
image_plot( zlim=c(0,25), legend.only=TRUE, horizontal=TRUE) 

Example output

Package spectralGP (1.3.3) is loaded.
 WARNING: spectralGP uses objects in the form of environments,
 thereby passing by reference.  Various method functions make
 changes to the input gp object as a side effect, thereby
 changing the object in the calling environment, and
 returning NULL.

Attaching package: 'spectralGP'

The following object is masked from 'package:stats':


spectralGP documentation built on May 29, 2017, 3:53 p.m.