# triple.counts: Count Triplets in Character Vectors In spgs: Statistical Patterns in Genomic Sequences

## Description

Count triples of adjacent symbols/elements in a character vector.

## Usage

 `1` ```triple.counts(x, case=c("lower", "upper", "as is"), circular=TRUE) ```

## Arguments

 `x` a character vector or an object that can be coersed to a character vector. `case` determines how labels for the array should be generated: in 'lower' case, in ' upper' case or 'as is', in which case labels such as 'b' and 'B' will be counted as distinct elements and counted separately. `circular` Determines if the vector should be treated as circular or not. The default is `TRUE`, meaning that the start and end of the sequence will be joined together for the purpose of counting.

## Details

If `circular` is `TRUE`, the vector is treated as circular so that the some of all the counts in the resulting array is equal to the length of the vector and the sums across all dimentions of the array are equivalent, that is: if we write
`t <- triple.counts(x)`
for some character sequence x, then
`apply(t,1,sum)`, `apply(t,2,sum)` and `apply(t,3,sum)`
are all identical.

On the other hand, if `circular` is `FALSE`, the sum of all the entries in the counts array will be two less than the length of the vector and there will be a discrepancy between the sums over the various dimensions.

## Value

A 3-dimensional array of counts. The labels of the i-th dimension correspond to the i-th element of each triple, where i is either 1, 2 or 3.

## Author(s)

Andrew Hart and Servet Mart<ed>nez

`pair.counts`, `quadruple.counts`, `cylinder.counts`, `array2vector`, `table2vector`