shrinkcat.stat: Correlation-Adjusted t Score (CAT score)

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/shrinkcat.R

Description

shrinkcat.stat and shrinkcat.fun compute a shrinkage estimate of the “correlation-adjusted t score” of Zuber and Strimmer (2009).

Usage

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shrinkcat.stat(X, L, lambda, lambda.var, lambda.freqs, var.equal=TRUE, 
   paired=FALSE, verbose=TRUE)
shrinkcat.fun(L, lambda, lambda.var, lambda.freqs, var.equal=TRUE, 
   verbose=TRUE)

Arguments

X

data matrix. Note that the columns correspond to variables (“genes”) and the rows to samples.

L

factor with class labels for the two groups. If only a single label is given then a one-sample CAT score against 0 is computed.

lambda

Shrinkage intensity for the correlation matrix. If not specified it is estimated from the data. lambda=0 implies no shrinkage and lambda=1 complete shrinkage.

lambda.var

Shrinkage intensity for the variances. If not specified it is estimated from the data. lambda.var=0 implies no shrinkage and lambda.var=1 complete shrinkage.

lambda.freqs

Shrinkage intensity for the frequencies. If not specified it is estimated from the data. lambda.freqs=0 implies no shrinkage (i.e. empirical frequencies).

var.equal

assume equal (default) or unequal variances in each group.

paired

compute paired CAT score (default is to use unpaired CAT score).

verbose

print out some (more or less useful) information during computation.

Details

The CAT (“correlation-adjusted t”) score is the product of the square root of the inverse correlation matrix with a vector of t scores. The CAT score thus describes the contribution of each individual feature in separating the two groups, after removing the effect of all other features.

In Zuber and Strimmer (2009) it is shown that the CAT score is a natural criterion to rank features in the presence of correlation. If there is no correlation, the CAT score reduces to the usual t score (hence in this case the estimate from shrinkcat.stat equals that from shrinkt.stat).

The function catscore implements multi-class CAT scores.

Value

shrinkcat.stat returns a vector containing a shrinkage estimate of the “CAT score” for each variable/gene.

The corresponding shrinkcat.fun functions return a function that computes the cat score when applied to a data matrix (this is very useful for simulations).

The scale factor in the ”shrinkage CAT” statistic is computed from the estimated frequencies (to use the standard empirical scale factor set lambda.freqs=0).

Author(s)

Verena Zuber and Korbinian Strimmer (http://strimmerlab.org).

References

Zuber, V., and K. Strimmer. 2009. Gene ranking and biomarker discovery under correlation. Bioinformatics 25: 2700-2707. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btp460.

See Also

catscore, shrinkt.stat, cst.stat, lait.stat.

Examples

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# load st library 
library("st")

# prostate data set
data(singh2002)
X = singh2002$x
L = singh2002$y

dim(X)      # 102 6033 
length(L)   # 102


# shrinkage cat statistic
score = shrinkcat.stat(X, L)
idx = order(score^2, decreasing=TRUE)
idx[1:10]
# 610  364 1720 3647 3375  332 3282 3991 1557  914

# compute q-values and local false discovery rates
library("fdrtool")
fdr.out = fdrtool(as.vector(score))
sum(fdr.out$qval < 0.05)
sum(fdr.out$lfdr < 0.2)


# compared with:

# shrinkage t statistic 
score = shrinkt.stat(X, L)
idx = order(score^2, decreasing=TRUE)
idx[1:10]
# 610 1720 3940  914  364  332 3647 4331  579 1068

# shrinkage CAT score with zero correlation among predictors
# is the same as shrinkage t
score2 = shrinkcat.stat(X, L, lambda=1)
sum((score2-score)^2)


# Student t statistic
score = studentt.stat(X, L)
idx = order(score^2, decreasing=TRUE)
idx[1:10]
# 610 1720  364  332  914 3940 4546 1068  579 4331

# shrinkage CAT score with zero correlation and no shrinkage 
# is the same as student t
score2 = shrinkcat.stat(X, L, lambda=1, lambda.var=0, lambda.freqs=0,
  verbose=FALSE)
sum((score2-score)^2)


# difference of means ("Fold Change")
score = diffmean.stat(X, L)
idx = order(abs(score), decreasing=TRUE)
idx[1:10]
# 735  610  694  298  698  292  739 3940  702  721


## paired CAT score

# we drop two cancer cases to make samples size equal in
# the two groups to allow to compute paired statistic
X = X[1:100,]
L = L[1:100]
sum(L=="cancer") # 50
sum(L=="healthy") # 50

# paired shrinkage CAT score
scat.paired = shrinkcat.stat(X, L, paired=TRUE)

# for zero correlation the paired shrinkage CAT score
# reduces to the paired shrinkage t score
score = shrinkt.stat(X, L, paired=TRUE, verbose=FALSE)
score2 = shrinkcat.stat(X, L, lambda=1, paired=TRUE, verbose=FALSE)
sum((score-score2)^2)

st documentation built on May 29, 2017, 7:52 p.m.