oneway_anova: One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA)

Description Usage Arguments Note Examples

View source: R/oneway_anova.R

Description

A dataframe containing results for one-way ANOVA.

To see details about functions which are internally used to carry out these analyses, see the following vignette- https://indrajeetpatil.github.io/statsExpressions/articles/stats_details.html

Usage

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oneway_anova(
  data,
  x,
  y,
  subject.id = NULL,
  type = "parametric",
  paired = FALSE,
  k = 2L,
  conf.level = 0.95,
  effsize.type = "omega",
  var.equal = FALSE,
  bf.prior = 0.707,
  tr = 0.2,
  nboot = 100L,
  top.text = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

data

A dataframe (or a tibble) from which variables specified are to be taken. Other data types (e.g., matrix,table, array, etc.) will not be accepted.

x

The grouping (or independent) variable from the dataframe data. In case of a repeated measures or within-subjects design, if subject.id argument is not available or not explicitly specified, the function assumes that the data has already been sorted by such an id by the user and creates an internal identifier. So if your data is not sorted, the results can be inaccurate when there are more than two levels in x and there are NAs present. The data is expected to be sorted by user in subject-1,subject-2, ..., pattern.

y

The response (or outcome or dependent) variable from the dataframe data.

subject.id

Relevant in case of a repeated measures or within-subjects design (paired = TRUE, i.e.), it specifies the subject or repeated measures identifier. Important: Note that if this argument is NULL (which is the default), the function assumes that the data has already been sorted by such an id by the user and creates an internal identifier. So if your data is not sorted and you leave this argument unspecified, the results can be inaccurate when there are more than two levels in x and there are NAs present.

type

A character specifying the type of statistical approach:

  • "parametric"

  • "nonparametric"

  • "robust"

  • "bayes"

You can specify just the initial letter.

paired

Logical that decides whether the experimental design is repeated measures/within-subjects or between-subjects. The default is FALSE.

k

Number of digits after decimal point (should be an integer) (Default: k = 2L).

conf.level

Scalar between 0 and 1. If unspecified, the defaults return 95% confidence/credible intervals (0.95).

effsize.type

Type of effect size needed for parametric tests. The argument can be "eta" (partial eta-squared) or "omega" (partial omega-squared).

var.equal

a logical variable indicating whether to treat the two variances as being equal. If TRUE then the pooled variance is used to estimate the variance otherwise the Welch (or Satterthwaite) approximation to the degrees of freedom is used.

bf.prior

A number between 0.5 and 2 (default 0.707), the prior width to use in calculating Bayes factors and posterior estimates. In addition to numeric arguments, several named values are also recognized: "medium", "wide", and "ultrawide", corresponding to r scale values of 1/2, sqrt(2)/2, and 1, respectively. In case of an ANOVA, this value corresponds to scale for fixed effects.

tr

Trim level for the mean when carrying out robust tests. In case of an error, try reducing the value of tr, which is by default set to 0.2. Lowering the value might help.

nboot

Number of bootstrap samples for computing confidence interval for the effect size (Default: 100L).

top.text

Text to display on top of the Bayes Factor message. This is mostly relevant in the context of ggstatsplot package functions.

...

Additional arguments (currently ignored).

Note

To carry out Bayesian posterior estimation for ANOVA designs, you will need to install the development version of BayesFactor (0.9.12-4.3). You can download it by running: remotes::install_github("richarddmorey/BayesFactor/pkg/BayesFactor").

Examples

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# for reproducibility
set.seed(123)
library(statsExpressions)
options(tibble.width = Inf, pillar.bold = TRUE, pillar.neg = TRUE)

# ----------------------- parametric -------------------------------------

# between-subjects
oneway_anova(
  data = ggplot2::msleep,
  x = vore,
  y = sleep_rem
)

if (require("afex", quietly = TRUE)) {
  # within-subjects design
  oneway_anova(
    data = iris_long,
    x = condition,
    y = value,
    subject.id = id,
    paired = TRUE
  )
}

# ----------------------- non-parametric ----------------------------------

# between-subjects
oneway_anova(
  data = ggplot2::msleep,
  x = vore,
  y = sleep_rem,
  type = "np"
)

# within-subjects design
oneway_anova(
  data = iris_long,
  x = condition,
  y = value,
  subject.id = id,
  paired = TRUE,
  type = "np"
)

# ----------------------- robust -------------------------------------

# between-subjects
oneway_anova(
  data = ggplot2::msleep,
  x = vore,
  y = sleep_rem,
  type = "r"
)

# within-subjects design
oneway_anova(
  data = iris_long,
  x = condition,
  y = value,
  subject.id = id,
  paired = TRUE,
  type = "r"
)

# ----------------------- Bayesian -------------------------------------

# between-subjects
oneway_anova(
  data = ggplot2::msleep,
  x = vore,
  y = sleep_rem,
  type = "bayes"
)

# within-subjects design
# needs `BayesFactor 0.9.12-4.3` or above
if (utils::packageVersion("BayesFactor") >= package_version("0.9.12-4.3")) {
  oneway_anova(
    data = iris_long,
    x = condition,
    y = value,
    subject.id = id,
    paired = TRUE,
    type = "bayes"
  )
}

statsExpressions documentation built on Oct. 19, 2021, 9:07 a.m.